Vaitheeswaran Kovil is the holy places near Mayiladuthurai in Nagapattinam District. Vaitheeswaran Kovil is located 24 km from Chidambaram. Vaitheeswaran Kovil is famous for the Siva temple dedicated to Vaidyanatheeswarar, the healer of all diseases and his consort Thaiyalnayaki. Among the Navagrahas, Angaraha is worshipped here with great reverence. Hence this shrine is also known as Angaraha Kshetra. Jatayu, Rig Veda, Muruga and Surya worshipped the Lord here. This temple consist of several Mandapam and Gopuram and also navagraha(all nine planets) installed in single line which is no where in India.
Here Ambhal(Goddess) is called Balambiga alice Thaiyalnayagi. Vaitheeswaran Koil temple is also known as “Pullirukkuvelur”, Pul-Irukku – Vel-Ur, the words in Tamil meaning Bird (Jatayu).Sri Angaaragan’s paadham (foot mark) is found in the temple just outside the shrine under themPalm tree sculpted in stone. There are 3 Chakras installed by Sri Aadhi Shankara in the prakaaram called Sri Chakram, Subramanya Chakram and Shanmuga Chakram. On the northern prakaaram there is a Baana Linga installed facing the entrance. While there is an entrance at the eastern side, the temple has its main entrance and Rajagopuram( king tower) facing north. There are beautiful carvings on either side of the entrance. Lord Shiva appeared as Vaidyanathar one who cures, the divine doctor at this shrine. Even today the shrine is popular for curing various diseases and devotees throng here on ‘Kiruthigai’ (Karthigai, the third star of the 27) . The deity Selva Muthukumaraswamy (Lord Murugan) is well-known.
History and Legend of Vaitheeswaran Kovil
- Chevvai is son of lord shiva. Once lord Shiva was in deep meditation perspiration from his third eye fell on earth. From that sweat a child was born and later on known asangaragan (chevvai). Chevvai Bhagavan is worshipped in the town of Vaitheeswarankoil which is also called Pullirukkuvelur. Rig vedam (Irukku), Jatayu (Pull), Sambadi, the Surya (Vel) are said to have worshiped Shiva here.
- Angarakan (Mars) was one of the Navagraha in 9 planets. One day, he suffered a lot from Skin diseases (Leprosy). He prayed Lord Vaidyanatha Swamy in Vaitheeswaran Koil. Lord Shiva blessed him and cured his diseases. So he stayed in this temple and caleed as “Vaitheewaran” and cure all the diseases by whom praying him.
- Thirunavukkarasar was suffering from severe stomach pain. At time, his sister told him to pray Lord Vaidyanatha Swamy. He prayed and got cured by Lord Shiva. From that day, he became the great devotee of Lord Shiva and sung many songs for Lord Shiva.
- Lord Shiva is a swayambumurthi in the temple. The five towers – Gopurams of the temple are on a straight line. The Maragatha Linga (Emerald Linga) is very famous. There are two flag posts-Kodimaram before the presiding deity made of silver and gold. Navagrahas the nine planets are generally in the front side of the sanctum facing different directions in Shiva temples.
Significance of the Vaitheeswaran Kovil
- There is a widespread believe that when one visits here, it would remove obstacles of the delayed marriage(Chevvai dosham). In chevvai temple the Prasadam (Food) offered by the name of tiruchendur urundai and it is considered to be a panacea capable of many elements it is made of ashes taken out from the homa kundam in front of Subramaniya strain.
- The Lord Vaidyanatha and Thaiyal Nayagi are the family God (Kula Dheivam) for Kshatriya Community (Vanniyakula Kshatriyas) of South India. This temple is Navagraha Sthalas of Lord Angarakan. This temple is famous tourist spot in Nagapattinam District.
- The temple is protected by Lord Bhairava in the east, by Lord Veerabadra in the west, Lord Vinayaka in the south and Mother Kali in the north. The temple with its five tier Rajagopuram is facing west. The temple belongs to Darumapuram Aadheenam of Tiru Kayilaya Parambara – descendants of Kailash dynasty.
Vaitheeswaran Kovil Temple Timings
Vaitheeswaran Kovil temple is open from 6.00 AM to 11.00 AM in the morning and from 4.00 PM to 8.30 PM in the evening.
Festivals celebrated at the Vaitheeswaran Kovil
- Skanda shashti: Skanda Sashti festival is dedicated to Hindu God Muruga (Karikeya or Subrahmanya). Kanda Sashti is observed in the Tamil Month Aippasi. Skanda Shasti celebrates the victory of Lord Skanda over demon Surapadma.In many places the festival commences six days before the Sashti day and concludes on the day of the Sashti. During these days, devotees recite inspiring hymns, read stories of Subramanya, and enact the exploits of the Lord on stage. Thousands of people gather for feasts, and massive amounts of camphor are burnt.Devotees keep fast during Shukla Paksha Sashti day. For Skanda Sashti Vratam the day when Sashti Tithi is combined with Panchami Tithi is preferred. Hence Skanda Sashti Vratam might be observed on Panchami Tithi.
- Aadipooram: Aadi Pooram, also called as ‘Aandal Jayanti’ is a prime festival of Tamilians. This festival is dedicated to Goddess Andal, an incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi. Aadi Pooram is celebrated during the month of ‘Aadi’ in Tamil calendar that corresponds to the months of July-August in the English calendar. The day also holds immense significance in Goddess Shakti temples scattered all over the country. In the Saiva temples, the day of Aadi Pooram is observed as the festival of ‘Valaikappu’. In the event, glass bangles are offered to Goddess Andal and then distributed among all devotees.Pooram or Puram is one among the 27 Nakshatras in Hindu Astrology.
- Karthigai: Karthigai Deepam is a festival of lights, celebrated in the Tamil month of Karthigai. It is celebrated on the full moon day of the Karthigai month which coincides with Krithikai star. It is also considered as the extension of the Deepavali festival. The month of Karthigai is of special importance as it is believed that Lord Muruga, the divine light of Lord Shiva, took his form during this month. Lord Muruga took the form of six babies in a lake called “Saravana Poigai”. On this day, all his six forms were united by Parvathi(his mother) and this way, he had six faces. Special poojas are performed to Lord Muruga.The ideology of the festival is that “the sisters pray for their brothers’ well being and the brothers in turn, promise to safeguard the sisters in times of trouble.
- Panguni Uthiram: The Panguni Uthiram festival falls in the month ‘Panguni’ (March-April). This month is special because of the star ‘Uthiram’ and ‘Pournami’ occurring together. The Gods and Goddesses such as Parvati and Shiva, Devasena and Murugan, Andal and Ranganath and Sita and Rama are said to celebrate this day as their wedding day.Devotees of Lord Muruga pierce their bodies with needles and spikes as a sign of their devotion to the Lord. Some of the devotees carry bamboo pole called kavadi, they carry pots of holy water, or milk, even flowers with kavadis as a ritual of praying to God. And sending a strong message to Lord Muruga for their prayer to be answered.Panguni Uthiram is considered as one of the most important vrat/fast for Lord Muruga. Vrat starts once we take bath in the morning of this auspicious day.
Poojas and Rituals at Vaitheeswaran Kovil
- At the midnight Pooja Lord Selva Muthukumaraswamy is worshipped with special prayers. This is known as ‘Punugu Kappu Dharshan’
- Chevvai related dosha are rectified by performing pariharam(remedies) poojas to this deity. It is traditional to perform navagraha pooja to get rid of financial crisis, property dealing, productivity of agriculture and milk. If there is any problem between brothers and sisters that also will be solved. Chevvai also heels cut wounds. So devotees performing pooja to chevvai are benefited to victory.
- Rituals are performed were in mixer of earth and ashes from the homa kundam. They are shaped into the pills, the same is distributed as a Prasadam to the person(medicine).
- The devotees as soon as entering the temple, they first go to Sithamirtha tank (Sithamirtha tank consist of 18 wells) filled with holy water and mix with medicines in form of leaves. The water is said to have curative properties for various skin elements.
- The person’s diseases even that could not get cured by mani, mandra, aushatha, after coming to this temple they got cured at this place. That’s why here Shiva is called as a Vaithiyanathan (doctor). There is also a shrine dedicated to Dhanvanthri here. Dhanvanthri is also a medicine god. Even doctors do their operation after they pray to Dhanvanthri for success and devotees also those who are suffering illness it can be cured after pray to Dhanvanthri.
- Devotees also undertake tonsuring. Ear boring ceremony is celebrated in the temple. They also light Maa Vilakku made of rice flour and ghee, offer mangal sutras and god symbols as a prayer commitment. They place salt, pepper and mustard and eye symbols made of silver in the Ambica shrine. Some devotees arrange Annadhanam-feeding. Distribute the nivedhanas to visiting devotees with usual abisheks etc. Some contribute for the renovation of the temple.
How to reach: Road, Rail and Air
By Air: No direct connectivity to flight between Nagapattinam and Chennai is available. Best to take State transport bus from Nagapattinam to Tiruchirappalli then take Air India Express from Tiruchirappalli to Chennai.
By Road: This temple is located in between Sirkazhi and Mayiladurai in the route of Chidambaram-Mayiladuthurai. This temple is 15 KM from Mayiladurai or 24 KM from Chidambaram or 5 KM from Sirkazhi.
By Rail: The Nearest station is Mayiladuthurai. Direct train between Nagapattinam and Chennai is available. Best to take Chennai Exp from Nagapattinam to Chennai
Where to stay in Vaitheeswaran Kovil
- Hotek Sadhabishegam Contact: Vaitheeswarankovil,Tamil Nadu 609117.
- Hotel Sri Akshardham Contact: SH 64,Vaitheeswarankovil, Tamil Nadu 609117
- Chola Inn Contact: 105, Pidari South Street,Thenpathi,Sirkazhi,Tamil Nadu 609111
- Ayarpadi Hotel Contact: Old NH,Thenpathi,Sirkazhi,Tamil Nadu 609110
- Hotel Aryabhavan Contact: Old NH,Thiruvalluvar Nagar,Thenpathi,Sirkazhi,Tamil Nadu 609111
Where to eat in Vaitheeswaran Kovil
- Samboorna Restaurtant Contact: Old NH,Thenpathi,Sirkazhi, Tamil Nadu 609110
- Garden Restaurant Contact: Thenpathi,Sirkazhi, Tamil Nadu 609110
Nearby Temples in Vaitheeswaran Kovil
- Nellukadai Mariamman Koil: Nellukadai Mariamman Temple has located at Nagapattinam.According to legend, Mariamman appeared in the dream of a rice trader and asked him to build a shrine for him. He constructed a beautiful temple in Nagapattinam and started offering prayers. On the month of Chithirai, (April to May) sedil festival has celebrated in this temple every year. Many devotees participate in this Sedil festival. Sedil means a wooden pole with a diameter of 12 inches, 30 feet height, mounted on a two feet diameter and 10feet tall pedestal. The devotees have been push by workers on one end.
- Sri Mullaivananathar temple: The fame of this temple rests largely upon the Goddess Shri Garbharakshambika (an avatar of Goddess Parvati) who offers protection to, the human embryo. And it is no wonder that this temple draws worshippers from all sects.Lord Shiva in this Sthalam is called as Mullaivananathar and the Ambika is called Karparakshambigai.The other presiding deity is Lord Mullaivana Nathar. Worshiping this God will cure all kinds of skin diseases. People who are afflicted with incurable diseases come to this temple.The Shri Garbharakshambika Sameta Shri Mullaivana Nathar temple is spread over a wide expanse with huge towering Gopurams and a beautiful water tank in front of it. The temple is surrounded by tall coconut palms, the whole atmosphere is very calming and serene and lends the place sanctity.
- Sikkal Singaravelan Temple: Sikkal Singara Velan Temple is one of the most popular Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Muruga and a contender for the unofficial seventh Padaiveedu of Muruga, along with the popular Arupadaiveedu (six abodes of Lord Muruga). It is also said that Lord Murugan had got his Vel (weapon) from his divine mother at Sikkal, to kill the asura. This imposing temple is adorned with sculptures and exquisite imagery and carvings that adorn the temple. This temple was built by the King Veerapandian and as such is one of the most awe inspiring places with an ambience that is conducive for prayer. Pure devotion flows in this place of worship and as such is also revered by adorers. Countless scores of devotees and pilgrims from all over come to this temple every year.