Top 10 Hindu Mythological Demons
One of the ancient religion in the history of human civilization is Hinduism and the evolution of it can be divided into three periods: Ancient (6500 BC-1000 AD), Medieval (1000-1800 AD) and Modern (1800 AD to present). According to the Hindu mythology, the demons have the same status as the humans and Gods. Gods, demons and humans are considered as the children of Brahma who is the creator of Universe according to the Hindu Mythology. The only difference between them is the way of thinking and understanding the teachings of the scholars in a different way. Some of the demons were considered as strong and intelligent while others were weak and stupid. In today’s world it is hard to believe in nonphysical beings without brains and bodies. But there are still many ancient scholars who took demons very seriously. Let’s take a look at the top 10 Hindu Mythological Demons.
Ravana was a powerful king of demons with twenty hands and ten heads. He was considered as the most dreadful creature of the universe who can even change the planetary alignments. Ravana was one of the very intellectual demon who mastered all the holy scripts of Hindu mythology. He was killed by Rama as Ravana abducted Rama’s wife Sita to marry her. When Lord Rama killed Ravana, he was more than 12,00,000 years old.
Ravana was also the first astrologer of the whole world with immense knowledge of Spirituality, Warfare, Arts, Science and Music. It is also believed that once he made Veena (classical music instrument) and tied his own intestine as strings to praise the lord. He has the power to clone anyone and had 1 lakh sons out of which 99998 sons were cloned by him. Ravana was also never a teenager, when he was 8 years old his mother convinced his father to grow Ravana as an adult through a technique in which his father had expertise.
Lord Krishna appeared as a Supreme personality on earth to kill all the demons and protect all his devotees. Putna was the demoness who knew the art of killing infants through black magic. Putna dressed herself as a beautiful girl and entered infant Krishna’s house to kill him. All the women in the village thought that the beautiful girl had come to meet baby Krishna. When Putna entered the room, she saw krishna lying on the small bed and took him to her lap. The wicked demoness has smeared poison on her breasts and pushed her nipple within his mouth. While she breastfed him, infant Krishna sucked the life out of her. She died of screaming and her body extended upto 12 miles which smashed all the trees and houses.
Mahabali was one of the very generous demon king and everybody was very happy in his kingdom. He was a great worshipper of Lord and wanted people to be happy in his kingdom. Once Vamana came to his kingdom and asked for a piece of land that could be covered by his footsteps. Lord Vishnu has disguised himself as Vamana and when Mahabali promised to do so, Vamana increased his size. His footsteps covered the entire world and hence Mahabali asked Vamana to put his third step on his forehead and Mahabali eventually died. This day is celebrated as Onam in many parts of the world.
Surpanakha was a wicked demoness and was the sister of the demon king Ravana. She was very ugly and married to Dushtabudhi. Dushtabudhi was a very greedy person and wanted Ravana’s kingdom. Finally he was killed by Ravana and windowed Surpanakha stayed with her brother Ravana. Some years later she saw Rama and Lakshman in the forest and wanted to marry them. But both denied the proposal and she really got very angry. She even tried to attack Sita who was the sister in law of Lakshman, Lakshman got very angry and chopped her nose. There was an epic battle fought between them and Ram eventually won the battle. After few years Surpanakha died but the cause of her death is still unknown.
Tarakasura was an evil king who was very powerful demon who defeated all his challengers and employed them as his servants. He praised the creator and obtained my boons. Tarakasura killed all the kings and innocent people. According to his boon, he can only be defeated by Shiva’s son and Shiva had no child. Eventually Shiva married Parvati and was blessed with a son Kartikeya. Kartikeya fought with Tarakasura and killed him and also killed both his brothers. Kartikeya is also known as Murugan and is worshipped in many parts of the world.
Kumbhakarna was a sleeping giant who could sleep constantly for six months. He had an enormous body size who could even eat the whole world. He was also a great philosopher and was never interested in committing any sin. Waking Kumbhakarna was considered as a tremendous task and no one dared to go near him. His brother Ravana who was a powerful demon had kidnapped Ram’s wife to marry her. To woke him up for the war, one thousand elephants walked over him and finally Kumbhakarna was awake for the battle.He knew that his brother was wrong but fought for his brother. He even tried to convince Ravana that what he was doing was wrong. He destroyed the army in the battle but was finally killed by Ram.
Narakasura was a powerful demon who ruled Pradyoshapuram and even tortured the people of his kingdom. He kidnapped 16000 women and took pleasure in torturing them. He mercilessly killed sages and innocent people, unable to bear this torture people approached Krishna. Krishna wowed to fight for the people .Narakasura was cursed that only a woman can kill him. Hence Krishna along with his wife fought the battle and Krishna’s wife killed him in the battle. Naraka Chaturdashi is celebrated amongst the people from different parts of the world even today.
Raktabija was a demon with great strength and also had a very strange boon. According to his boon, whenever a drop of his blood fell on the ground then a duplicate Raktabija would be born. So it was very difficult to defeat him, no one ever dared to challenge him. Also his power was increased to thousand times whenever a drop of his blood fell on the ground. But Raktabija was challenged by Durga.
During the battle, his blood spilled everywhere and thousands of Raktabija were born. Finally Kali Mata pierced the demon Raktabija and drank the flowing blood with her tongue. She drank every drop of blood before the army of Raktabija emerged.
Hiranyakashipu was the demon king who was very egoistic and wanted all the people to praise and worship him like the almighty God. The demon king thought that he was the creator of the universe and there was no supreme power to control him. The whole kingdom worship him but his own son refused to worship his father. Hiranyakashipu even tried to kill his son but all his efforts failed. So he asked his sister Holika to set his own son on fire. But again his son came out of the fire unharmed.Hiranyakashipu was killed by Lord Narsingh and thus the evil got defeated. Hiranyakashipu who symbolised immortality and hatred came to an end and his son was the symbol of strong assurance and believer of God.
Mahishasura was a king who inherited the genes of both demon and a buffalo. His father was the king of demons who was attracted towards the beauty of a buffalo and eventually married her. They were blessed with a boy and named him Mahishasura (Mahisha means buffalo and Asura means demon in Hindi). He was given a boon by Lord Brahma that no man on this planet could kill him, he can only be killed by a woman. Mahishasura was very powerful and was confident that he is immortal. He thought that it is impossible for a woman to kill a man with so much of strength. Due to this he started war with the people and defeated them. Durga led a battle against him in order to stop Mahishasura. He met his death at the hands of a woman that fulfilled the prophecy.