Kailasanathar Temple is considered as one of the Navagraha temples dedicated to Moon God. Kailasanathar Temple is located at Thingaloor, Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu. It represents the Navagraha Chandra (Moon),and hence known as ‘Thingaloor Chandran Stala.’. The presiding deity is Soma (moon). However, the main idol in the temple is that of “Kailasanathar” or Shiva. Thingal means moon. Monday is special day for worship. The main deities here are Kailasanathar (Lord Shiva) and Periyanayagi (Goddess Parvati). It is here that Chandran prayed to Lord Siva and got his blessings. Chandran is the Lord of Kadaga Rasi and he faces the South-East direction.The Thingaloor Temple is built in the Dravidian architectural style, with a five tiered gopuram over the shrine which is adorned with carvings. The sanctum enshrines main deity, the glorious Lingam of Kailasanathan.
There is an open courtyard and the pond Chandra theertham near the eastern side of the temple. The shrine of Moon or Chandra, one of the Navagrahas has the deity of the Lord. It is usually covered in white. As most of the other Navagraha Temples of Tamilnadu, Kailasanathar Temple is also a Shiva Stalam and the main deities worshipped here are Kailasanathar and Goddess Periyanakiamman. A huge Nandi is seen in the front which is facing the temple. The 16-sided Shiva lingam at the main shrine is made out of black granite. A unique feature of Thingaloor Temple is that during the months of Puratasi (September – October) and Panguni (March – April), the rays of the moon fall on the Shiva Lingam. The architectural style and the decorations carved on this temple are added features.
History and Legend of Thingaloor
- This temple is constructed by Rajasimma Pallavan around 7th century. This is built similar to the Dravidian architecture. “Appothiyadigal” one of the Nayanmar out of 63 Nayanmars is from this town Thingalur. Due to the affection towards the Lord Shiva he kept his sons name as “Mootha Thirunavukarasu” and Ilaya Thirunavukarasu.”
- He was doing lot of charity work for Shiva devotees in the name of Thirunavukarasu. One day by hearing that Thirunavukarasar has arrived to Thingalur, Appothiyadigal went to meet him. Latest he has asked to Thirunavukarasar to visit his home and have food. Appothiyadigal send his son to cut and bring banana leaves to serve the food for Thirunavukarasar.
- There was a snake in the backyard of his home and that bite his son. If he tells that his son is dead, Thirunavukarasar won’t eat the food at his home so he wanted to hide that sad news. When Thirunavukarasar came to know the news he carried the body of Appothiyadigal’s son and worshipped to the god. The son also came back alive is the story of this temple.
- According to another legend the Devas and asuras were churning the Paarkadal using Mandhira Malai and the snake Vasuki. The asuras held the head portion of the snake and the Devas, the tail portion. When Lord Vishnu was distributing the Amrutham amongst the Devas, at the behest of Shukracharya, one of the asuras in the guise of a deva consumed the nectar.
- Suryan and Chandran noticed this and complained to Lord Vishnu. An angry Vishnu used his chakrayudham (discus) to cut the Asura into two and threw them away. The head joined with a snake’s body to become Rahu Bhagavan. The body portion kept growing because the Asura had consumed Amrutham. This later joined with the head of a snake and became Kethu Bhagavan.
- Now, Rahu and Kethu did not forgive Suryan and Chandran. Rahu went after Chandran and started consuming him. It is here that Chandran prayed to Lord Shiva and got his blessings.
- Shiva blessed Chandran with the power to grow back to full size in 15 days after being consumed by Rahu. That is why we have the waxing and waning moon. Shiva also blessed Chandran by adorning Chandran on his forehead so that anyone who prays Shiva will have to pray Chandran.
Significance of the Thingaloor Temple
- Thingalur Kailasanathar temple is noted for the importance of first rice feeding of the infant child known as Anna Prasanam. Kailasanathar Temple is considered as one of the Navagraha temples dedicated to Moon god.
- Before feeding the child with rice (Annaprasana) the child is shown the moon and a cow, thus bringing the blessings of Jaladevadha (water God) and Oushadhi Devadha (God of medicines). It is believed that Jaladevadha would protect the child from cold, fever etc. and even if it so happens it would be cured by the Oushadhi Devatha.
- Mental retardation, skin and nerve problems, jaundice, and fluid accumulation are the diseases caused because of Chandra dosham. By praying to Lord Chandran, the above afflictions can be overcome. Wealth, mother’s/wife’s happiness, Govt’s help, ownership of vehicle, marriage, offspring’s, prosperity, and foreign travel will be bestowed on his devotees.
- The special offerings offered to moon god are Oleander flowers, cloths of white color, and raw rice mixed with jiggery and paddy.
Thingaloor Temple Timings
The temple is opened from 7:00 AM to 1:00 PM in the morning and 4:00PM to 8:00 PM in the evening.
Festivals celebrated at the Thingaloor
- Pournami Festival: A full moon in the Tamil month of Chitra (month of April and May), and an exalted Sun in the sign Aries mark the day of Chitra Poornima. This auspicious day is also dedicated to Lord Indra, the God of Devas. Chithra pournami is famous for Meenakshi amman and Kallazhagar also. It is mentioned in our religious books that those who observe fast on this day would be relieved of death fear. Special puja is arranged in temples on this day. The essence of worship on this day is the sincere effort to liberate yourself from the clutches of negative energies. Chitragupta was born to Parvathi Devi through painting(Chithira Puthiran) and later he entered into Gomatha Kamadenu and born on Chitra Pournami and got the name Chitragupta.
- Mahashivarathri Festival: The festival is celebrated on the new moon day in the month of Maagha according to the Hindu calendar. The day is celebrated to venerate Lord Shiva, an important deity in Hindu culture. It says that a devotee who performs sincere worship of Lord Shiva on the auspicious day of Shivratri is absolved of sins and attains moksha. The fourteenth day of every lunar month or the day before the new moon is known as Shivratri. Among all the twelve Shivratris that occur in a calendar year, the one that occurs in February-March is of the most spiritual significance. Shivratri is considered especially auspicious for women. Married women pray for the well being of their husbands and sons, while unmarried women pray for an ideal husband like Shiva, who is the spouse of Kali, Parvati and Durga.
- Margazhi Tiruvadhirai Festival: Tiruvathirai, or Thiruvathirai festival, in Tamil culture is observed on the day when Lord Shiva performed the Tandava. The festival is also a commemoration of Shiva’s Nakshatra (Birthday Star) Ardra. Thus the festival is popularly known as Ardra Darshan or Arudhara Darshanam. This month is dedicated to worship of deities. It starts on December 17 and end on January 13. Our one earth year is considered as one day for Devas. So for the Deva loka this month is considered as morning time and Brahma mugurtha for Devas.
- Panguni Uthiram Festival: Panguni Uthiram is a day of importance to Hindus especially those who belong to Tamil nadu. It falls on the day the moon transits in the asterism of Uttara-phalguni or Uthiram in the twelfth month of the Tamil solar calendar i.e. Panguni (March-April). It is also the full moon of the month of Panguni and is special because the Uthiram nakshatram coincides with the full moon. Panguni Uthiram is the day that teaches us the significance of relationships in our lives. Without relationships our society would cease to have stable family life which is the breeding ground for our children and our next generation. Devotees of Lord Muruga pierce their bodies with needles and spikes as a sign of their devotion to the Lord. Some of the devotees carry bamboo pole called kavadi, they carry pots of holy water, or milk, even flowers with kavadis as a ritual of praying to God and sending a strong message to Lord Muruga for their prayer to be answered.
Poojas and Rituals at Thingaloor
Puja at this temple is recommended for those in whose horoscope the position of Moon is weak. Chandra graha is known to control the five senses of human life. Moon is the ruler of the mind and all the senses that it controls. Oblations to the Moon God at this temple helps keep all these factors on a balanced note.
How to Reach at Thingaloor
By Air: The nearest domestic airport is Tiruchirapalli Airport or Trichy Airport, 90 km east of Kumbakonam. The nearest international airport is Chennai International Airport which is 315 km from Kumbakonam.
By Train: The nearest railway station to Thingalur Kailasanathar Temple is Ariyalur railway station which is 29 Km from the temple. Frequent buses are also available. Sethu Express (Rameswaram to Tambaram) and Tirupati Express (Tiruchirapalli – Tirupati) passes through Kumbakonam Railway Station.
By Road: Thingaloor Temple is about 36 km from Kumbakonam, on the way to Tiruvaiyaru. It is about 1 km from Thirupayhanam which is on the Kumbakonam – Thiruvayyaru Road.Thingalur is well connected with road and plenty of buses are available to reach the temple. Thingalur is around 18 km from Kumbakonam of Thiruvayaru, Kumbakonam road.
Where to stay in Thingaloor
Some of the hotels near the temple are
- Sri Hari Residency Contact: 99, West Raja Street, Near Sri Kumara Kottam Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu
- M.M.Hotels Contact: No. 65/65, Nellukara Street, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu 631502
- Hotel Ramco Residency Contact: SH58, Ennaikaran, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu 631501
- Sree Sakthi Residency Contact: 71, Nellukara St, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu 631502
Where to eat at Thingaloor
Tamilian’s staple diet is steamed rice and most of their food consists of grains, lentils and vegetables. ‘Sadhams’ (rice dishes) with different flavours are their specialty. Spices are added for most dishes to give a distinctive taste. Tamil Nadu Food is very different from the food of other regions like Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. There are many restaurants near the temple that offers delicious food.
- Cascade Restaurant Salem Contact: Junction Main Road 5/315 Devi Chit Funds Complex
- Tandooriwala Salem Contact: Junction Main Road
- Sri Saravana Bhavan Contact: Omalur Main Road State Bank Colony
- Selvi Mess Contact: Arthanari Nagar Opp New Bus Stand
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