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Kadri Manjunath Temple

Kadri Manjunath Temple – Symbol of Religious Harmony

The ancient Temple of Sri Manjunatha is located in Kadri, Mangalore. Kadri Manjunath Temple is one of the best examples of religious harmony, where people from two faiths, Hinduism and Buddhism worship together the deity of Lord Shiva as Lord Manjunatha.

The interesting and unique fact about the Kadri Manjunath Temple is that it was a major Buddhist center of worship till the 10th century. However, as time passed, the Natha cult of Matsyendranath prevailed in the region and the Temple imbibed both Buddhist and Hindu values. It is believed that originally, the presiding deity was worshiped as Lord Manjushri, the Buddha of wisdom, or the Buddhist equivalent of Lord Brahma. With the passage of time, the Natha cult was absorbed into the Vajrayana Buddhism and eventually into mainstream Hinduism. In Hinduism, the Lord Manjunatha was recognized as Lord Shiva and is worshiped with great reverence here. Several other images of Buddha can be found in the Temple with Hindu philosophy displayed. For example, a bronze image of a Buddha can be found on a Garuda vehicle of Lord Vishnu. This Temple represents in totality, the transition stage of Buddhism being absorbed into Hinduism.

The Manjunatha Temple complex is square shaped and is located on a hill. The figure of Sage Matsyendranatha graces the southern portion of the Temple. An idol of Sringinathas having a three hooded Naga overlooking it can be seen behind the figure of the Sage. Similarly, on the western side, the 6 feet tall statue of Sage Gorakhanath can be found. The Deepasthambha can be found on the northern side of the complex. There are several smaller shrines dedicated to Lord Vishnu, Lord Ayyappa, Goddess Durga Parameshwari, Goddess Manjushri, Lord Ganapathi, and Vyasa Muni. The Temple is further sanctified by the seven holy Theerthas present at an elevation from the main sanctum. The main Theertha is called Gomukha Bhagirathi Theertha.

kadri manjunath temple

Kadri Manjunath Temple

History and Legend

  • The Kadri Manjunath Temple is believed to be built sometime during the 12th-13th century. The records show that the solid granite structure was renovated in the 14th century.
  • The earliest reference to the region of Kadri Temple can be seen in an engraving on the pedestal of the beautiful idol of Sri Lokeshwara. The inscription dated 968 AD states that King Kundavarma of the Alupa dynasty installed the idol in the Kadarika Vihara. In Buddhist traditions, “Kadarika” means “hillside pasture land” and “Vihara” refers to a name given by Buddhists to any settlement. This inscription gave proof that a Buddhist settlement existed at the place in the 10th century.
  • The Kadri Manjunath Temple architectural style resembles that of the Vijayanagara style of construction. A partially faded script in the kitchen of the Temple states that a King (whose name cannot be read) donated land for construction and renovation of the Temple.
  • As per a story mentioned in the Bharadwaja Samhita, Lord Vishnu took the avatar of Parashurama to destroy the evil reign of the Kshatriyas that existed at the time period. After Parashurama accomplished his goals by destroying the 21 generations of Kshatriyas all over the country, he donated the land won to Sage Kashyapa. He wanted to do a penance to Lord Shiva to redeem himself of the sins of killing Kshatriyas. However, he did not know where to perform the penance as he had donated everything to Sage Kashyapa. Hence, he requested Lord Shiva for land, who appeared before him and asked him to proceed with his worship in Kadalivana. Kadalivana was immersed in the ocean. He asked Lord Varuna (King of oceans) to release Kadalivana who refused to let go of the region. Parashurama took his ax, roared and threw it into the ocean. Afraid, Lord Varuna relieved the land to Parashurama as requested.
  • Parashurama located Kadalivana and observed the presence of one Rasakoopa (well) there. As promised, Lord Shiva appeared as a Linga in the well. He ordered Parashurama to construct a Temple with the help of Vishwakarma (God of Architecture). Accordingly, Vishwakarma constructed the Temple and the town.
  • Another legend that establishes the Kadri Manjunath Temple origins states that the famous Sage Matsyendranatha (believed to be an incarnation of Shiva), his queen Mangala (incarnation of Goddess Parvati) and Sage Gorakhnatha visited Kadri. Impressed by the historical importance of the region, he wanted to establish a Shiva Linga at the place. He instructed Gorakhnatha to obtain a Linga from Kashi for the purpose. Gorakhnatha was delayed in bringing the Linga to the place. Sage Matsyendranatha did penance for the appearance of the Linga. Eventually, Lord Shiva granted him his wish and appeared as an Udbhavalinga. The Linga brought by Sage Gorakhnatha was eventually taken by Sri Annappa Swamy to Dharmasthala.

Significance of the Temple

  • The Kadri Manjunath Temple is one of the foremost examples of the confluence of diverse religious beliefs and their peaceful practice. The architecture of the Temple follows the Agama Shastra of rules of construction; the deity is a Buddhist form of a Hindu God as well as the addition of Shaivite practices and beliefs in worshiping the God. The presiding deity is called Lord Manjunathaswamy in the Vaishnavite style, Sri Lokeshwara or Trilokeshwar in Shaivite style and as Sri Avalokitesvara in Buddhist style.
  • The presiding deity, Lord Manjunatha, a form of Lord Shiva is depicted in a unique Buddhist form. The deity has three faces, six arms, and a Mukut or a Crown depicting Dhyani Buddha.
  • The idol is made of the Panchaloha element. The Panchaloha is traditionally an alloy of five metals. The composition of the alloy was kept as a secret for several centuries and is often mentioned in the Shilpa Shastras. The metals involved were later found out to be a mix of Gold, Silver, Copper, Iron and Lead. It is believed that worshiping idols made of the Panchaloha material imparts balance, self-confidence, health, fortune and peace of mind.
  • The Theerthas of most of the Temples in India is either located on par or below the Temple elevation. However, in Kadri Manjunath Temple, the seven main Theerthas are located 20 feet above the Temple’s location. Water collects into these seven holy theerthas from the Gaumukha, a cow’s mouth shaped cavern. The water’s source cannot be traced to date. However, devotees believe that River Ganga herself flows into these Theerthas from Varanasi.
  • The town of Kadri is the biggest center of worship for the Natha cult or sampradaya. Macchendra Natha, a disciple of Adinatha along with his disciple Gorakh Natha made Kadiri Vihara their home in the 10th century. They discovered the Kundalini system of Yoga.
  • The caves surrounding the vicinity of the Kadri Manjunath Temple are called Pandava Caves and it is believed that the Pandavas resided here during their period of exile.

Kadri Manjunath Temple Timings

  • The Temple opens at 6 AM in the morning and closes at 8 PM in the evening.
  • The Kadri Manjunath Temple remains closed between 1 PM and 4 PM in the afternoon.
  • The Annadana Seva is provided to all visiting devotees between 12:30 PM to 2 PM.

Dress Code

The Kadri Manjunath Temple does not prescribe to any strict dress code but it is recommended to wear decent clothes. Shorts, Bermudas, Miniskirts, and Beachwear are to be avoided for the visit.

Festivals celebrated at the Temple

  • Annual Festival – This Kadri Manjunath Temple festival is celebrated in a grand manner for nine days. The festivities begin in January on the day of Makara Sankranthi.

The first day comprises of an early morning Abhishekam to the Lord and a Dhwajarohana event in the evening. The Temple flag is raised indicating the beginning of the 9-day extravaganza. The Garudarohana will take place after the flag raising ceremony is over. On the first and the seventh day, a unique ritual called the Kanchil takes place. In this ritual, small kids dressed up as brides and grooms perform a parade in front of the God.

The procession with the idol start at 7 PM every evening and proceeds to Bikarnekatte, Mallikatte, Mundanakatte and then to Konchadi on the third, fourth, fifth and sixth day respectively. After the processions end, Mahapooja, Nithyabali, and Bhootha Bali will be performed on all the nine days.

The Maharathothsava will be held on the eighth day of the festival. Poojas like the Ratha Kalasha Pooja and the Mahapooja are performed in the morning. The Ratha Yatra starts at 6 PM. After the procession ends, Mahapooja, Bhoothabali, and the Shayana Pooja are performed for the God.

The Lord will be placed in the Theertha Mandapam and given a ritualistic bath in the morning. Mahapooja and the Thulabhara Seva will be performed. The flag is brought down indicating the end of the celebrations.

  • Krishna Janmashtami – A Sandalwood statue of Lord Krishna is taken around in a procession to Gopala Krishna Mutt in the evening. The Kadri Kambala Pooja is dedicated to him on the day. Next day evening at 6 PM, the idol is brought back to the Temple with great enthusiasm and festivities. The Handi festival or the breaking of the clay pot consisting Mosuru or Buttermilk is broken by enthusiastic participants.
  • Sri Ganesh Chaturthi – The morning of the day marks the beginning of the Ganahoma with 108 coconuts. Special Modaka, made of Coconut, Arecanut and jaggery are offered to Lord Ganapathi.
  • Mahashivarathri – The festival is celebrated in February or March. The festival signifies the marriage of Lord Shiva with Goddess Parvati. Some also believe that this is the day when Lord Shiva absorbed the poison that turned him blue during the churning of Amrit episode in mythology. The day is celebrated with great reverence. Devotees keep fast and sing bhajans throughout the night and into the day. Special Poojas are performed for the Linga. Thousands of pilgrims from in and around Karnataka visit the shrine to receive blessings from the God themselves.
  • Sowramana Ugadi – On this auspicious day, Mahapooja will be done for the Lord. Vegetables will be offered to the Lord in the evening followed by a reading of the Panchanga (predictions for the New Year).

Apart from the above festivals, several other days are celebrated with great spirituality and holy reverence. Some of the other occasions celebrated are Dhanupooja, Laksha Deepothsava, Karthik Somavara, Narakachaturdashi, Navaratri, and Rugupakarma.

Poojas and Rituals

  • Ekadasha Rudrabhishekam – The Ekadasha Rudrabhishekam Pooja is performed for all the eleven Rudras of Lord Shiva. After the aavahan (welcoming of the deity), sthaapna (giving a seat to the deity) Laghu-nyasam is recited. Then Rudra Trishati is recited. Abhishekam is done to each of the 11 Rudras with all the 11 dravyas prescribed in the Shiv Puraana
  • Shata Rudrabhishekam – The Pooja is considered to be extremely auspicious and sacred. It is believed that by performing the Pooja, one can obtain protection and fulfillment of the wishes from the God.
  • Bilva Archana – The Archana is performed for the deity with the Bilva leaves on behalf of the devotee.
  • Karpoora Aarti – The Aarti is performed for the Lord with Camphor known as the Karpoora on behalf of the devotee.
  • Panchamrutha Abhisheka – The deity is bathed with five holy “Amrit” or Nectar. They are Milk, Honey, Curd, Sugar, and Ghee.
  • Sahasranama Archana – The Lord is worshiped by reciting his 1008 names and singing chants praising him on behalf of the devotee.
  • Navagraha Shanti Homam – The Homam is performed for devotees who want o remove the ill-effects of placement of planets in their horoscope. It helps in removing obstacles from achieving the goal.
  • Shukra-Aditya Sandhi Shanti Homam – This unique Homam is recommended for people whose horoscopes have Shukra Dasha ending and Ravi Dasha beginning. This is mainly performed for happy marital life and good parental health.
  • Kuja-Rahu Sandhi Shanti Homam – This unique Homam is recommended for people whose horoscopes have Kuja Dasha ending and Rahu Dasha beginning.
  • Rahu – Brihaspati Sandhi Shanti Homam – This unique Homam is recommended for people whose horoscopes have Rahu Dasha ending and Guru Dasha beginning.
  • Ranga Pooja – The Goddess is worshiped with either 24 rows of Deepams or with 64 rows of Deepams on behalf of the devotee.
  • Sathyanarayana Pooja – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The Pooja can be performed on any day but is believed to be extremely auspicious if performed on the eve of Chithra Pournami. The Pooja is performed to attain peace, prosperity, to remove obstacles and to be free from the negative thoughts. The Pooja usually begins with Ganapathi Pooja and then the Navagraha Pooja.
  • Mrityunjaya Homam – This Pooja is done to increase longevity and immortality of the person. The devotee asks for forgiveness from Lord Shiva and asks for a long healthy and prosperous life.

How to reach Kadri: Road, Rail and Air

Kadri is located just 4 km from the Mangalore city center.

  • By Air – The city of Mangalore is connected to all the major cities of India as well as the surrounding countries due to the presence of the Bajpe International Airport. The Airport lies at a distance of 10 km from the city center.
  • By Train – There are two main stations in Mangalore – Mangalore Junction and Mangalore Central. Trains from almost all major cities either stop or terminate here. Mangalore is well connected to cities like New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Gandhinagar, Pune, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Vizag, Trivandrum and many more.
  • By Road – Mangalore is well connected by roads and highways. One can board buses from Bengaluru, Goa, Chennai, Karwar, Pune and Mysore.

Where to stay

  • The Kadri Manjunath Temple administration operated one guest house consisting of 21 single rooms and 3 double rooms which can be booked by the devotees.
  • A large number of private hotels are available for accommodating pilgrims and tourists alike. The rooms may range from standard to AC suites in five-star hotels. A large number of Government offices also operate guest houses in the city which can be booked by contacting them. Mangalore is a coastal city and offers beautiful beaches. Hence, resorts are abundant here.

Where to eat

  • The Kadri Manjunath Temple provides Annadana to all devotees from 12:30 PM to 2 PM.
  • Besides the Kadri Manjunath Temple, several other private restaurants are available throughout the bustling city of Mangalore. The city offers a wide variety of cuisines like Konkani, Seafood, Mughlai, North Indian, South Indian, Chinese, Italian and Thai. Several popular food joints are Hotel Narayana for Seafood, Hotel Guthu for authentic local cuisine and Chutneys for North Indian Vegetarian and Giri Manjas for Seafood.

Nearby Temples

  • Shri Sharavu Mahaganapathi Temple – The Temple dedicated to Lord Ganapathi dates back to 800 years and can be visited in the heart of the city. The Temple has been mentioned in several Puranas like the Sthalapurana. Sri Dashabhuja Mahaganapati, Sri Sharabeshwara, and Siddhi Lakshmi are the presiding deities of the Temple.The Temple’s legends are also associated with the legendary Tipu Sultan and his conquest of Karnataka.
  • Gokarnanatheshwara Temple – The Temple dedicated to Lord Gokarnanatheshwara, another form of Lord Shiva is situated at Kudroli, 5 km away from the city center. The Saint Sri Narayana Guru consecrated the Shiva Linga at the Temple in 1912. Several additions and renovations have been made recently. The Gopuram is 60 feet high and is decorated with beautiful divine sculptures depicting several Gods and Goddesses.
  • Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple – The famous and sacred shrine dedicated to Sri Durga Parameshwari is situated in Kateel, 26 km from Mangalore. The Temple is located on the banks of the River Nandini. Several legends are associated with the Temple, which is mentioned in the Puranas themselves. Devotees can also perform Sevas like Annadanam, Vidyarambha, and Yakshagana in the Temple.
  • Kudupu Sri Anantha Padmanabha Temple – The Temple is located just 12 km away from the Mangalore city center. The presiding deities of the Temple are Lord Anantha (Lord Shiva) and Lord Padmanabha (Lord Vishnu). The Temple is well known for Serpent worship. The deity Sri Anantha Padmanabha faces west. The Temple complex also consists of a Naga Bana (place for serpent worship) and several smaller shrines dedicated to Jarandaya, Goddess Shree Devi, Lord Subrahmanya and Lord Ganapathi.
  • Thousand Pillars Jain Temple – The Temple is located at a distance of 37 km in Moodbidri. The presiding deity of the Jain Temple is Sri Chandranath Swamy. The Temple dates back to 1430 AD. A 2.5-metre high statue of Sri Chandranath Swamy is worshiped here. The style of architecture resembles Vijayanagara construction. The Temple has been constructed with 1000 pillars.

Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore

Sri Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore – Goddess of Mangalore

The Temple of Sri Mangaladevi, dedicated to Goddess Shakti is situated in the coastal city of Mangalore in Karnataka. The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore is situated in a locality called Bolara in the heart of the city. The sanctity of the Temple can be certified by the fact that the city itself was named as Mangalapura and eventually came to be known as Mangalore or Mangaluru. The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore attracts devotees in large numbers from Karnataka and nearby states of Kerala and Tamilnadu.

The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore architecture resembles Kerala style of construction. Huge stones were used to build the walls of the Temple. Intricate carvings can be found on the inner walls of the Mandapam. The Gopuram is a two storied structure. The area enclosed by the rectangular walls around the Temple is called Kshetra – Madiluka. All the shrines are located inside this Kshetra. The Dhwajasthambam is located directly in front of the main entrance. A Deepasthamba is located inside the temple complex with figures of the eight Dwarapalikas engraved around it. The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore is well maintained and a clean complex with all the modern facilities available to the pilgrims.

mangaladevi temple mangalore

Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore

History and Legend

  • The origins of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore are contested as there are two different versions. Some believe that the Temple was built by the 9th century Ahepa King Kundavarman while others believe that Kundavarman just discovered a pre-existing temple and extended the shrine by building several additions. Some people believe that the Temple was built by the Ballal family of Attavar to commemorate a fallen Malabar princess.
  • As per written evidence in the Sthalapurana, the origin of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore can be traced back to a demon named Vikhasini who was Hiranyakashyapu’s daughter. She waged a war against the Devaloka and Lord Indra. Though the demon army was strong, Indra defeated them in a fiercely fought battle. Vikhasini’s ambition of commanding the Devaloka was shattered and she realized that she needed God’s grace to enhance her powers. She wanted a son with the Gods who would be highly powerful and competent enough to avenge Lord Vishnu and destroy him as a revenge for Vikhasini’s father’s death. She performed severe penance and gained the attention of Lord Brahma. He asked her to wish for a boon. She wished for a son who would slay Lord Vishnu. Lord Brahma refused stating that the holy trinity is immortal. However, he said that she will attain a son from Lord Shiva who will be brave and invincible.
  • Narada and Lord Brahma visited Kailash and warned Lord Shiva of the future developments. Lord Shiva along with Parvati, Lord Brahma, Narada and Goddess Saraswati went to Vaikuntam and expressed their anger in front of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu however, assuaged them by saying that everything will be rectified when the time comes.
  • Vikhasini disguised herself as Goddess Parvati and lured Lord Shiva into submission. After the act, she left for her kingdom and during the journey; she feared that the Devatas will harm her son. She asked Bhoodevi (Goddess Earth) and with her permission, buried her fetus inside the Earth. Eventually, as time passed, a great demon was born and was named Andasura by Vikhasini. She told Andasura about the fate of Hiranyakashyapa and asked him to seek revenge by killing Lord Vishnu. He attacked the Devaloka and destroyed anything that came in his path. The holy trinity gathered and asked the Supreme mother, Adi Parashakti for help. She agreed to help her children and asked them for their weapons. Lord Brahma gave his Danda, Lord Vishnu gave his Chakra and Lord Shiva gave his Trident to Goddess Adi Parashakti. She merged Lord Shiva’s power of destruction with her and acquired his third eye.
  • Meanwhile, Andasura roamed through the Devaloka in search of Lord Vishnu. He was directed by Narada to a place where Goddess Parashakti, disguised as a beautiful and captivating maiden was waiting for him. Seeing her, the demon came close to her and misbehaved. At an opportunistic moment, Goddess Adi Parashakti slayed him with the trident.
  • She addressed his children from the spot that in the Treta Yuga, “Lord Vishnu will incarnate as Bhargavarama (Parashurama) and slay the 21 generations of evil Kshatriyas. He will retrieve land from Lord Varuna and the spot where he will do penance will be where I killed Andasura. He will build a shrine with a Linga and a Dharapatra”.
  • After several centuries, the legend continues through Veerabahu, the king of Tulunadu. He did not have any son so he made Bangaraja as his successor. Bangaraja ruled his kingdom well and brought immense prosperity to the region. Goddess Mangaladevi appeared in his dreams and informed him that the shrine’s remains can be found under a mound where the Nethravati and the Phalguni rivers intersect.
  • Bangaraja along with Saint Bharadhwaja rediscovered the shrine and constructed a small temple around it. However, nature took its course and the temple was lost amidst thick vegetation of the surrounding forests.
  • In the 10th century, the legendary stories related to the place were bought to the attention of King Kundavarma by two saints Machendranatha and Gorakhanatha from Nepal. Realizing the importance of the place, he cleared the path for the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore, retrieved the shrine and constructed a grand temple and the nearby premises.

Significance of the Temple

  • The deity of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore is a figure of the Goddess holding a Dharapatra and a Linga. The Linga symbolizes the destructive power of both Lord Shiva and Goddess Shakti. It is believed that the main shrine is as old as the Treta Yuga.
  • It is believed that worshiping Goddess Mangaladevi will grant you success and prosperity in any new ventures and will protect one against evil influences.
  • The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore antiquity and historical importance resulted in the naming of the place itself as Mangalapura. In present times, the city of Mangalore is named after the Goddess and she is considered as the Goddess of Mangalapura or Mangalore.
  • Mangaladhara Vrata is a unique ritualistic fast observed by the devotees of Goddess Mangaladevi. This Vrata is kept by maidens to find a suitable match for marriage for them. This Vrata is also called as Swayamvara Parvathi.

Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore Timings

  • The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore opens at 6 AM and closes at 8:30 PM except on Fridays when it closes at 9 PM.
  • The Morning Pooja is performed at 6 AM, Afternoon Pooja at 1 PM and the Evening Pooja at 8:30 PM.
  • The Temple is closed for darshan in the afternoon between 1 PM to 4 PM.
  • The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore remains closed during the Lunar Eclipse and the solar eclipse.

Dress code

The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore administration has not imposed any strict dress code. However, it is recommended to wear decent clothes in the Temple premises. Shorts, miniskirts, and beachwear are to be avoided.

Festivals celebrated at the Temple

  • Navarathri – A large number of devotees visit the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore from Karnataka and surrounding states to witness and receive the blessings of the Goddess. The Navarathri festival is celebrated in a grand manner for 9 days ending with Vijayadasami on the tenth day. The Lalita Panchami, Mahanavami Rathotsava, and Vijayadasami Vidyarambha are the special days observed during the Navarathri period. The Chandika Homam, Ranga Pooja, and Rathotsava are the special Poojas performed for the Goddess n Navami. The practice of Vidyarambha meaning the “initiation of knowledge” for kids takes place on the Vijayadasami. The Sathyanarayana Pooja and the Avabrutha Mangal Snaan takes place on the two days after Vijayadasami. The Ayudha Pooja is celebrated on the eighth day of the festival when all the weapons of the Goddess are worshiped.
  • Laksha Deepothsava – The festival is celebrated in the month of Karthik that usually falls in November – December. Around one lakh lamps (Laksha Deepams) are lit in honor of the Goddess and the whole Temple is decorated with it. Several cultural and religious programs are held throughout the day.
  • Annual Temple Festival – The annual festival of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore begins in the month of March. The Goddess is worshiped by performing several Poojas and Abhishekams by the devotees. The Utsava Moorthy or the idol is taken around the Temple premises in different vehicles or Vahanas and is worshiped by thousands of devotees who attend the festival.

Besides these festivals, Ugadi, Mahashivaratri, and Ganesh Chaturthi are also celebrated in the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore.

Poojas and Rituals

Around 42 types of Poojas and Sevas can be performed by the devotee in the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore. Some of the following Poojas and Sevas that can be performed by the devotees to honor Goddess Mangaladevi are:

  • Devi Mahaatme Parayana – The priest recites the verses from the Devi Mahaatme, a set of hymns and shlokas describing the greatness of the Goddess.
  • Ashtotthara Archana – The 108 names of the Goddess are recited in front of the Goddess along with the offering of the Kumkum on behalf of the devotee.
  • Thrishathi Archana – The 300 names of the Goddess are recited in front of the Goddess on behalf of the devotee.
  • Pushpanjali Pooja – The Goddess is decorated with flowers and Shlokas are recited in praise of her by offering flowers one by one on behalf of the devotee.
  • Thrimadhura Naivedyam – The Goddess is offered Sugar, Honey, and Butter as Bhog or Naivedyam for the day on behalf of the devotee.
  • Panchamrutha Abhisheka – The deity is bathed with five holy “Amrit” or Nectar. They are Milk, Honey, Curd, Sugar, and Ghee.
  • Rudrabhishekam – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Shiva who is worshiped as fire or Rudra. The puja wipes out all sins and purifies the atmosphere. It also removes all sorts of planetary related ill-occurrences. The Mondays of the month, as well as the Pradosham days, are considered as ideal for performing the Pooja.
  • Ranga Pooja – The Goddess is worshiped with either 24 rows of Deepams or with 64 rows of Deepams on behalf of the devotee.
  • Naga Thambila – The deity Lord Subrahmanya, who is known as the “Protector of Snakes” is bathed with Panchamrit that is with milk, curd, ghee, honey and sugar.
  • Vidyarambha – The couples with children of age 2 – 5 can perform the Seva as a start to the education of their children. The performing of this ritual is special because the presiding deity Sri Mangaladevi is the Goddess of intelligence and knowledge.
  • Sathyanarayana Pooja – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The Pooja can be performed on any day but is believed to be extremely auspicious if performed on the eve of Chithra Pournami. The Pooja is performed to attain peace, prosperity, to remove obstacles and to be free from the negative thoughts. The Pooja usually begins with Ganapathi Pooja and then the Navagraha Pooja.
  • Chandika Yagna – The Chandika Homam requires the presence of 7 priests. They chant the 700 verses and hymns from the Devi Mahatmayam. Offerings of the Payasam (sweet pudding or Kheer) are made to Agni during the chantings.
  • Tulabhara Seva – This Seva includes the devotee sitting on one side of the Tula or the weighing balance. On the other side, offerings are arranged until the weight of the devotee and the offerings balance themselves. The offerings are then donated to the Temple.
  • Silver Palanquin Pooja – In this Pooja, the idol of the Goddess is taken around the Temple premises in a silver palanquin and worshiped amidst chants and hymns.
  • Vahana Pooja – The devotees can also do the Vahana Pooja, in which new vehicles are decorated and the Goddess is worshiped to bless the journeys in them.
  • Dodda Rathotsava – The Goddess is taken around the Temple Complex in the big Chariot or Ratha on behalf of the Temple. All the Poojas of a day are performed for the Goddess and the Prasadam is distributed to everyone.

Besides these Poojas, the Shashwatha Pooja is also performed on behalf of the devotee. All the Poojas of the day are performed on a particular day mentioned by the devotee every year. The wedding ceremonies can also be performed at the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore hall.

How to reach Mangalore: Road, Rail and Air

  • By Air – The city of Mangalore is connected to all the major cities of India as well as the surrounding countries due to the presence of the Bajpe International Airport. The Airport lies at a distance of 10 km from the city center.
  • By Train – There are two main stations in Mangalore – Mangalore Junction and Mangalore Central. Trains from almost all major cities either stop or terminate here. Mangalore is well connected to cities like New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Gandhinagar, Pune, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Vizag, Trivandrum and many more.
  • By Road – Mangalore is well connected by roads and highways. One can board buses from Bengaluru, Goa, Chennai, Karwar, Pune and Mysore.

Where to stay

A large number of private hotels are available for accommodating pilgrims and tourists alike. The rooms may range from standard to AC suites in five-star hotels. A large number of Government offices also operate guest houses in the city which can be booked by contacting them. Mangalore is a coastal city and offers beautiful beaches. Hence, resorts are abundant here.

Where to eat

The city of Mangalore is bustling with restaurants offering a wide variety of cuisines like Konkani, Seafood, Mughlai, North Indian, South Indian, Chinese, Italian and Thai. Several popular food joints are Hotel Narayana for Seafood, Hotel Guthu for authentic local cuisine and Chutneys for North Indian Vegetarian and Giri Manjas for Seafood.

Nearby Temples

  • Kadri Manjunath Temple – The Temple is about 4 km from the city center. The presiding deity of the Temple is Lord Manjunathaswamy, a form of Lord Shiva. The Temple is one of the most popular and sacred spots in Mangalore. The Temple dates back to 1068 AD. The idol of Lord Manjunathaswany is believed to be the oldest representation of Lord Shiva in South India.The hill behind the Temple is home to the Jogimutt and the Pandava caves.
  • Shri Sharavu Mahaganapathi Temple – The Temple dedicated to Lord Ganapathi dates back to 800 years and can be visited in the heart of the city. The Temple has been mentioned in several Puranas like the Sthalapurana. Sri Dashabhuja Mahaganapati, Sri Sharabeshwara, and Siddhi Lakshmi are the presiding deities of the Temple.The Temple’s legends are also associated with the legendary Tipu Sultan and his conquest of Karnataka.
  • Gokarnanatheshwara Temple – The Temple dedicated to Lord Gokarnanatheshwara, another form of Lord Shiva is situated at Kudroli, 5 km away from the city center. The Saint Sri Narayana Guru consecrated the Shiva Linga at the Temple in 1912. Several additions and renovations have been made recently. The Gopuram is 60 feet high and is decorated with beautiful divine sculptures depicting several Gods and Goddesses.
  • Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple – The famous and sacred shrine dedicated to Sri Durga Parameshwari is situated in Kateel, 26 km from Mangalore. The Temple is located on the banks of the River Nandini. Several legends are associated with the Temple, which is mentioned in the Puranas themselves. Devotees can also perform sevas like Annadanam, Vidyarambha, and Yakshagana in the Temple.
  • Kudupu Sri Anantha Padmanabha Temple – The Temple is located just 12 km away from the Mangalore city center. The presiding deities of the Temple are Lord Anantha (Lord Shiva) and Lord Padmanabha (Lord Vishnu). The Temple is well known for Serpent worship. The deity Sri Anantha Padmanabha faces west. The Temple complex also consists of a Naga Bana (place for serpent worship) and several smaller shrines dedicated to Jarandaya, Goddess Shree Devi, Lord Subrahmanya and Lord Ganapathi.

Kukke Subramanya Temple

Kukke Subramanya Temple – The Abode of Lord Subramanya

Amongst the enchanting surroundings of nature, in the town of Subrahmanya in Sullia Taluk of the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka lies the small but one of the most sacred shrines dedicated to Lord Subrahmanya. The Kukke Subramanya Temple is located on a land mass that is sandwiched between two water bodies – River Kumaradhara and the Darpana Theertha. The Temple is one of the seven Mukti Sthalas of Karnataka.

The Kukke Subramanya Temple main entrance faces west. The pilgrims have to enter and descend a few steps and go around the sanctum to reach its entrance in the east. The Garuda pillar can be seen between the sanctum and the portico entrance. The main idol shows Lord Subrahmanya standing above the Serpents Vasuki and Shesha.

A cluster of Lingas called as the “Kukke Lingas” can be seen in the northern corner of the Kukke Subramanya Temple. The history and the origin of the prefix “Kukke” before the Lingas and Lord Subrahmanya is conflicted. According to some, that the word Kukke meaning Basket in Kannada was added because in ancient times, these Lingas were worshiped together in a basket. Some other explanations put forward are Kukke derives from the old Sanskrit word “Kukshi” which means Cave. It is believd that Vasuki, the serpent installed these Lingas initially in a cave.

Shrines dedicated to Lord Bhairava, Lakshmi Narasimha, Lord Ganapathi and Umamaheshwara are built around the Kukke Subramanya Temple Complex.

Kukke Subramanya Temple

Kukke Subramanya Temple History

  • The Kukke Subramanya Temple is vividly described in the chapter named Sahyadrikhanda in Skanda Puranam. As per the Puranas, the Subrahmanya Kshetra is situated on the banks of the River Dhara. The place Subrahmanya was known as Kukke Pattanna in ancient times.
  • In the scriptures of “Shankara Vijaya”, Anandagiri mentions that Sri Adi Shankaracharya visited the place and has referred the place as “Bhaje Kukke Lingam” in his work “Subrahmanya Bhujangaprayata Stotram”.
  • The legend of the origins of the Kukke Subramanya Temple is explained in detail in the Skanda Puranam. The snake king Vasuki was hiding in the cave called Biladvara (located near the Temple) to escape from Garuda who was hunting for snakes to satisfy his hunger. Vasuki was a great devotee of Lord Shiva. Garuda spotted Vasuki and started attacking it viciously. The great Sage Kashyapa Muni intervened and instructed Garuda to go to the Ramanaka islands (present day Fiji) to hunt for snakes. He requested Vasuki to pray to Lord Shiva for protection. After his penance, Lord Shiva appeared to Vasuki and informed him that in the next Kalpa, his son Karthikeya (Subrahmanya)will come and reside there to bless and protect them.
  • Eventually in the next Kalpa, after killing the demon Tarakasura, Lord Subrahmanya along with his brother Lord Ganesha arrived in Kumara Parvatha. Lord Indra received them with good wishes. He offered Lord Subrahmanya a marriage proposal with his daughter Devasena. The Lord agreed and the divine marriage was conducted on the Kumara Parvatha mountain. The marriage happened on the day of “Margashira Shuddha Shasthi” and was attended by Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma and many others. During the coronation ceremony, water from the holy river was collected and brought down to Earth in the form of the stream Kumaradhara.
  • Vasuki, the serpent was also present at the ceremony. Lord Subrahmanya gave him his darshan and promised to stay with them for their protection.
  • There is another little known version of the story present behind the origin of the Kukke Subramanya Temple. It is believed that once an argument happened between Katru and Vinatha, wives of Sage Kashyapa. It was decided that the loser of the srgument will become the slave of the winner. Katru lost the argument and along with her snake children, became a servant of Vinatha. Garuda, Vinatha’s son harassed the snake children and wanted to harm Vasuki. Vasui was an ardent Shiva bhakt and requested his help. Lord Shiva then asked Lord Subrahmanya to protect the snakes from Garuda. Lord Subrahmanya arrived at the place and gave refuge to the snakes from Garuda. On the insistence of the snakes, he took abode here among the snakes.
  • As per another legend, after killing the demon Tarakasura in the battle, Lord Subrahmanya washed his sword in the adjoining water stream named Dhara. Henceforth, the stream was named as the Kumaradhara.

Significance of the Temple

  • The region of Subrahmanya is among the seven Mukti Sthalas in Karnataka. The other six are Udupi, Kollur, Kumbhashi, Kodeshwara, Sankaranarayanan, and Gokarna. These places are together known as the Parashurama Kshetras. It is believed that these Temples were built on land which was claimed by Parashurama from the sea.
  • It is mentioned in ancient scriptures like the Subrahmanya Mahatmaya, that Lord Subrahmanya installed Shiva Lingas in three locations around the Kukke Subramanya Temple. He was followed by several Gods and Goddesses who installed small Lingas as a mark of respect to Lord Shiva. As time went by, people collected all these Lingas and kept them inside the Kukke Subramanya Temple for worshiping.
  • The Kukke Subramanya Temple and its surroundings have played vital roles in various Yugas of the Hindu calendar. It is believed that in the Satya Yuga (first of the four Yugas), Lord Subrahmanya was anointed as the Senapati of the demigods on the banks of the stream Dhara. In the Treta Yuga, Lord Parashurama visited the Temple and the stream to absolve himself od the sins of eliminating the Kshatriya race twenty one times. In the Dvapara Yuga, Samba, son of Lord Krishna came here and bathed in the water of the Dhara to relieve himself from Leprosy.
  • The Kukke Subramanya Temple is also extremely significant to the followers of Lord Vishnu.
  • The Kashikatte Ganapathi idol situated just 250 meters away from the Temple is believed to be ancient and installed by the Sage Narada himself.
  • It is believed that the Pandavas arrived at the Kukke Subramanya Temple and paid their respects to the Lord.
  • Thousands of pilgrims visit the Kukke Subramanya Temple to perform the Ashlesha Bali Pooja and the Sarpa Dosha Pooja from all over the country. Lord Subrahmanya is considered as the protector from the Kaalsarpa dosha and the Sarpa Dosha.
  • On the south-eastern side of the Kukke Subramanya Temple Complex, a shrine dedicated to Samputa Narasingha is located. It is believed that the shrine was established by Sri Madhavacharya. It is believed that when Sri Madhavacharya visited Badrinath, he met Ved Vyas (one of the seven immortals believed to be still roaming the Earth). Ved Vyas gave him eight Saligrama Shilas (they are fossilized stones, each representing Lord Vishnu). Six of the Shilas are worshiped in the Kukke Subrahmanya Temple. Apart from these Shilas, he was also given a Narasimha Saligrama which is believed to be so powerful that, if uncovered will destroy the three worlds. Sri Madhavacharya put this Narasimha Saligrama along with 22 Laxminarayana Shilas and five of the Saligrama Shilas inside a box (Samputa) and established it inside the shrine. The Box or the Samputa is worshiped till date.
  • It is believed that people whose lives have been affected by the Sarpa Dosha should offer Sarpa Samskara Pooja here as it will relieve one from long suffering ailments, infertility and blindness.
  • It is believed that by taking a dip in the Kumaradhara Theertha, one can obtain the cure for severe skin diseases like Leprosy.

Kukke Subramanya Temple Timings

  • Kukke Subramanya Temple opens at 7am and closes at 8pm. Afternoon break timings are from 1:30pm to 3:30pm.
  • The morning Pooja or the UShakala Pooja along with the Go-pooja (worshiping Cow) is performed between 5:30 AM to 6 AM.
  • The afternoon Poojas begin at 10 AM and continues till 12:15 PM.
  • The Theertha Prasada are distributed between 12:30 PM to 1:30 PM and from 7:45 PM to 8:30 PM.
  • Anna Santharpane (Annadanam) takes place twice a day, once between 11:30 AM to 2 PM and then between 7:30 PM to 9:30 PM.
  • The Hannukai Seva and the Nisha Pooja takes place between 3:30 PM to 6 PM and 6 PM to 7:45 PM respectively.
  • The devotees can offer Sevas between 7 AM to 10 AM.

Dress Code

The Kukke Subramanya Temple administration requests the male devotees to remove their shirts and vests before entering the Temple premises. Clothes such as Coats, Hats, Turbans, Bermuda and Shorts, and Lungi are not allowed inside the Temple. The Women are requested to dress decently.

Festivals celebrated at the Temple

  • Champashashti Mahothsavam – The Kukke Subramanya Temple Ratha Yatra is celebrated in a grand manner during the month of Karthika Margashira. The idol of Lord Subrahmanya is decorated and taken out in a procession around the streets of Subrahmanya in several Vahanas exclusively decorated for the Lord. The Lord is taken around in different Vahanas like Sheshavahana, Ashwa Vahana, Mayura Vahana, and finally the Brahma Ratha on the Maharathotsavam day. The Laksha Deepotsavam is also celebrated in the Temple, where a lakh Deepams are lit and worshiped. The Moola Mrithike Prasadam is also distributed to the devotees on these days.
  • Makara Sankranama – The festival is celebrated in almost all parts of the country under different names. The festival signifies the beginning of the harvest season. People pray for a bountiful harvest on the day. In the Temple, the Kukke Lingas are taken out of the sanctum and are taken around the town in a procession.
  • Mesha Sankranama – The festival falls on the day when the Sun enters the zodiac Mesha (Aries). It represents the spring equinox. The festival is celebrated in the month of April. Several Poojas and bhajans are performed for the God on the day.
  • Mahashivaratri – The festival is celebrated in February or March. The festival signifies the marriage of Lord Shiva with Goddess Parvati. Some also believe that this is the day when Lord Shiva absorbed the poison that turned him blue during the churning of Amrit episode in mythology. The day is celebrated with great reverence. Devotees keep fast and sing bhajans throughout the night and into the day. Special Poojas are performed for the Linga. Thousands of pilgrims from in and around Karnataka visit the shrine to receive blessings from the God themselves.
  • Naag Panchami – The festival is celebrated on the fifth day of the full moon in the month of Shravan (June). The day is dedicated to worshiping of the Nagas or serpents that are considered as the lowest Loka of the Seven Lokas or realms of the universe. They are worshiped for their blessings are sought for the well-being of the family.

Kukke Subramanya Pooja Booking and Pooja List

  • Ashlesha Bali

    The special Pooja can be performed at the Kukke Subramanya Temple in two slots – one at 7:00 AM and the other at 9:15 AM. It is believed that the months of Shravan (June-July), Karthikai(November) and the Margashira are the most auspicious months to perform the Pooja.

  • Sarpa Samskara for Kalasarpa Dosha

    The Sarpa Samskara Pooja is performed by the people who have Sarpa Dosha in their fortune. The Sarpadosha is a curse affecting a person who has knowingly or unknowingly harmed a Sarpa (snake or a serpent) in this birth or in the previous births. It is believed that by performing Poojas like the Sarpadosha and the Ashlesha Bali, one can relieve himself from the ill-effects of this curse. In the Temple, the seva requires the devotee to stay for 2 days. In one Seva, a maximum number of 4 persons can attend the Pooja. The Seva can be performed on all days except Dasami, fasting days like the Ekadasis, Grahan, Shivaratri and during the Temple festival.

  • Other Poojas

  • Nagaprathishtha – This Pooja is performed for relieving one from the curse of the Sarpa Dosha. The Pooja takes place in the Nagaprathishtha Mandapam in the outer quadrangle of the Temple. The Pooja can be performed on all days except on Ekadashi and fasting days.
  • Mahapooja – All the Poojas and rituals of the day are performed for the God on behalf of the devotee’s name.
  • Panchamritha Abhishekam – The idol of the God is bathed with the five Amrits (Panch Amrit) which are Milk, Ghee, Honey, Curd, and Sugar.
  • Karthik Pooja – A special Pooja complete with the recital of hymns from the Karthik Purana and Lamp offerings is performed for the God on behalf of the devotee.
  • Sahasra Namarchana – The Archana is performed for the God by reciting his thousand names and praising him on behalf of the devotee.
  • Satyanarayana Pooja – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The Pooja can be performed on any day but is believed to be extremely auspicious if performed on the eve of Chithra Pournami. The Pooja is performed to attain peace, prosperity, to remove obstacles and to be free from the negative thoughts. The Pooja usually begins with Ganapathi Pooja and then the Navagraha Pooja.

Besides these Sevas, one can also perform the Thulabhara Seva, Ear piercing, Choula (Hair removal for children), Nandadeepa for one month, Panchakkajaya, Naamkarana, and Vehicle Pooja.

How to reach Kukke Subramanya Temple: Road, Rail and Air

  • By Air – The nearest airport is the Bajpe International Airport at Mangalore at a distance of 120 km. Trains and buses are available from Mangalore that arrive at the Subrahmanya Road station and the bus stand respectively.
  • By Train – The nearest railway station is the Subrahmanya Road station at a distance of 12 km from the Temple. Regular trains are available from Bengaluru, Mangalore, and Mysore and other nearby towns to the Subrahmanya town.
  • By Road – The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) operates buses from all major cities and towns in Karnataka to Subrahmanya. Regular buses are available from Bengaluru, Mangalore, Mysore, Dharmasthala and many other small towns.

Bangalore to Kukke Subramanya: How to Reach

  • By Air – Fly from Bangalore International Airport to the Bajpe International Airport at Mangalore. Trains and buses are available from Mangalore that arrive at the Subrahmanya Road station and the bus stand respectively.
  • By Train – The nearest railway station is the Subrahmanya Road station at a distance of 12 km from the Temple. Regular trains are available from Bangalore.
  • By Road – The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) operates regular buses from Bangalore Bus Station.

Dharmasthala to Kukke Subramanya

Kukke Subramanya Temple is around 60 kms from Dharmasthala. It can be reached by road on car or bus. It takes around 1:15 hrs.

Hotels in Kukke Subramanya: Where to stay

The Kukke Subramanya Temple administration has constructed several Guest Houses and Choultries that can be booked by the devotees for a stay. The Guest houses are Akshara, Ashlesha, Karthikeya Kripa, Kumara Kripa, Skanda Kripa, a choultry and a Temple Cottage.

Besides these, several privately owned Lodges and Hotels operate out of the Subrahmanya town. They offer basic facilities and are very clean.

Where to eat

The Kukke Subramanya Temple provides Annadanam free of cost every afternoon and evening to all the devotees. Apart from that, several small hotels are available to the pilgrims. They mainly serve vegetarian South Indian cuisine. Alcohol and smoking are prohibited around the Temple premises.

Nearby Temples

  • Sowthadka Shri Mahaganapathi Temple – The unique temple dedicated to Lord Ganapathi is located 3 km away from the town of Kokkada in the Dakshina Kannada district. The temple lies 35 km from the Kukke Subrahmanya Temple. In Kannada, “Southe” means Cucumber and “Adka” means a vast plain. The idol of Lord Ganapathi is placed in open without a Garbhagriha and is open for 24 hours.
  • Somnatheshwara Temple – The Temple is situated about 2.5 km from the Temple, on the banks of the river Kumaradhara. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Linga of Lord Shiva is said to be at least 1000 years ago. The Temple, unfortunately, was not well maintained and abandoned until recently. The Subrahmanya Matha has taken over the administration recently and restarted the worship there.
  • Sri Manjunatha Temple – The famous Temple of Dharmasthala located along the banks of River Nethravathi is situated 55 km away from the Kukke Subrahmanya Temple. The main deity of the Temple is Lord Manjunatha, another form of Lord Shiva. The unique feature of the Temple is that along with Lord Shiva and Parvati, the Gods of Jainism Chandraprabha, and others are also worshiped.
  • Kollur Mookambika Temple – The famous and revered Sri Mookambikai Temple is located in Kollur which is 150 km from Horanadu. The presiding deity is Goddess Mookambikai also known as Devi and in front of her idol, is a Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva. The unique feature of the Linga is that it is divided into two unequal parts – The Smaller right part represents Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and the larger Left part represents Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati.
  • Sringeri Sharada Peetham – The holy town of Sringeri is located at a distance of about 93 km from Horanadu. The Temple was the first of the four Ammaya Peetham established by Sri Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century AD. Sri Sharadamba believed to be an incarnation of Goddess Saraswati is the presiding deity of the Temple.
Dharmasthala Temple

Dharmasthala Temple

Dharmasthala Temple – Abode of Truth and Justice

Dharmasthala Temple Video 

Among the lush greenery of the Malnad Mountains, lies the symbol of religious harmony and charity, that is the Sri Manjunathaswamy Temple in Dharmasthala. The Dharmasthala Temple is situated on the banks of the River Nethravathi  in the town of Dharmasthala in the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka. The Temple has presiding deities belonging to both the Hindu and the Jain community. The word “Dharamasthala” means “the place where the Truth or righteousness resides (Dharma meaning the truth and Sthala meaning the place of stay)”. Hence, the place signifies the abode of “Dharma” or truth and justice.

The deities worshiped here are Sri Manjunatha (Lord Shiva) and Ammavaru (Goddess Parvati) along with Jain Tirthankara Chandraprabha and Jain protection Gods, Kalarahu, Kalarkayi, Kumarasvami, and Kanyakumari. The priests are Hindus following Vaishnavism and the temple administration is run by the Jain Bunt family called the Pergades.

Apart from the Temple, the Dharmasthala Temple administration also presides over and maintains various charitable institutions under its control. The region of Dharmasthala is popularly known as the region of Annadana (providing free food), Vidyadaana (providing free education), and Abhayadaana (providing free lodging).

The architecture style resembles the style of temple in Kerala. The simple square plan of the Dharmasthala Temple has a pyramidal roof on top. The materials used for the base walls are granite and laterite.  Wood and metals have been used extensively in the sculptures, roofing and arches of the Temple. The Shikhar is made of wood and has a gold plated covering.

Dharmasthala Temple History and Legend

  • The history of the Dharmasthala Temple can be traced back to about 800 years. The town of Dharmasthala was then known as Kuduma. A Jain chieftain by the name of Birmanna Pergade lived there with his wife Ammu Ballathi. Their home was named the Nelliadi Beedu.
  • The couple was known for their generosity and simple life in the community. Hearing the public talk, the four guardian angels of Dharma arrived at their home in search of a place where they could propagate the philosophy of Dharma. The Pergade couple received them in their human forms with great respect and sincerity. The angels were very happy with the treatment they received at the couple’s home.
  • At night, the Lord Dharma visited the couple in their dreams and asked the couple to vacate the house for the worship of the Daivas (Gods), and dedicate their life to propagate Dharma. The Pergades left the house and started worshiping the Dharma Gods. The Dharma Daivas appeared once more and communicated to the Pergades that separate shrines have to be built by them for the four Dharma Daivas – Kalaharu, Kalarkai, Kumaraswami, and Kanyakumari. He was also asked to choose two persons of Noble birth to act as an oracle for the Daivas and four persons for helping the Pergades in administration.  The Daivas, in turn, promised the Pergade family protection from all evils, abundance in funds and fame.
  • As instructed, Shri Pergade built the four shrines and invited the Brahmin priests to perform the rituals. On the request of the Brahmins, he sent Annappa Swamy, to procure the idol of Shri Manjunathaswamy from Kadri. Later, a shrine was built making Dharmasthala as Lord Manjunathaswamy’s abode.
  • The consecration ceremony of the Linga was performed in the 16th century by Shri Vadiraja Swamy of Udupi following the holy Vedic rites.
  • The Pergades and their future generations have maintained absolute selflessness till date and are renowned for their simplicity and charity. The successive Pergade family’s eldest male member assumes the responsibility of the Dharmasthala Temple and is given the title Dharma Adhikari and Heggade. The current Heggade, Shri Veerendra Heggade belongs to the 21st generation of the Jain family.

Significance of Dharmasthala Temple

  • The Dharmasthala Temple is an epitome of religious tolerance and charity. The Temple Complex houses a Jain shrine dedicated to Sri Chandraprabha Swamy and a Hindu shrine dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Temple priests belong to Vaishnavite sects (who treat Lord Vishnu as the supreme God) and the administration is run by the Jain Bunt family called the Pergades.
  • The Heggade who is the authority of the Dharmasthala Temple administration performs a kind of judicial function also. It is believed that Lord of Dharma resides at the Temple and that justice will prevail here. Civil complaints called Hoyulus are settled here between the parties involved after they present their cases to the Heggade. The decision given by the Heggade on the Hoyulus are accepted by the civil courts of the country.
  • The Dharmasthala Temple is famous for the Chaturdanas in Karnataka. Chaturdanas mean “Four types of charities”. The four types of charities that are practiced in the Temple are Anna Danam, Abhaya Danam, Aushadh Danam, and the Vidya Danam. The Anna Danam scheme involves providing free food to all the pilgrims visiting the Temple. Another scheme involves the Heggade offering his advice to people who queue to meet him in matters of general life. This is called as the Abhaya Danam. The Temple administration runs several hospitals and health care centers and offers free medical aid to the needy. This is under the scheme of Aushadh Danam. Under the Vidya Danam, the trust has constructed several non-profit educational institutions that provide good quality education to the underprivileged class of the society.
  • The Annaprasadam served at the Annapurna Choultry is considered to be one of the Mega Kitchens in the world, founding a mention in the National Geographic as one of the most efficient and resourceful kitchens in India. The Kitchen can serve 30,000 to 70,000 pilgrims every day. The kitchen is highly modernized and automated. The wastage is disposed of in an eco-friendly manner.
  • The stone structure of Bahubali near the Dharmasthala Temple Complex is 39 feet tall and made of a single rock. The statue is naked in appearance symbolizing complete victory over earthly desires and ascent towards divinity.

Dharmasthala Temple Timings

  • The Dharmasthala Temple opens at 6:15 AM and closes at 8:30 PM.
  • It is important to know the afternoon break timings.
  • The Darshan to devotees starts from 6:15am to 11am, continues from 12:15pm to 5:15pm and then from 7pm till the end of the queue.
  • The highly sacred Shatarudrabhishekam Pooja is performed for the deity at 8:10 AM every day.
  • The Shiva Sahasranamavalli takes place at 10:45 AM every day. The Lord is praised in hymns mentioning his thousand (Sahasra) different forms.
  • The Mahanaivedya Samarpana is offered to the Lord before the Annadanam begins at 11:30 AM.
  • The Mahapooja takes place at 12 PM followed by Nityabali at 12:10 PM. The ritual of Mahapooja is a very elaborate Pooja in which the idol is decorated, Abhishekams are performed and several chants are sung in devotion to the God. A complete revolution of the Temple with the idol and the priests takes place during the Pooja. However, the devotees are not allowed to view the Pooja and the procession.

Dharmasthala Temple Food Timings

Very hygienic food is served for free and is a must-have in Dharmasthala Temple. The timings are from 12noon to 2pm.

Dress code

The Dharmasthala Temple administration has a strict dress code for both women and women and if not followed, they are disallowed from entering the Temple premises. Men are required to remove their shirts and vests before entering the Sanctum. Bermuda half-pants, nighties, and miniskirts are not allowed. Children below 2 years of age are not allowed to enter the Sanctum.

Festivals celebrated at Dharmasthala Temple

  • Maha Nadaveli – This unique festival is celebrated for 11 days. All the festivals that are celebrated in Dharmasthala are celebrated during these 11 days. It starts with Ganesha Festival followed by the Laksha Deepotsava for five days. The chest containing the ornaments of the Dharma Daivas are taken around in a procession on the sixth day. The next four days are believed to be the days when the Dharma Daivas visit the Heggade through a Darshana Patthiri.
  • Laksha Deepotsava – The festival of lights is held for five days every year during the month of Karthik (November – December). The event includes the events like Sarva Dharma and Sahitya Sammelanas. The Sarva Dharma event means giving equal importance to philosophies of all religions. Sahitya Sammelan means literary meet for all people. A seminar on religions of the world is organized on day four followed by a seminar on Arts and Literature on the fifth day. The Samavasarana Pooja is held for Sri Chandranatha Swamy, where the Tirthankaras deliver spiritual speeches to the devotees. A display of handicrafts takes place during the festival. Several entertainment programs like dance performances, bhajans and kathas are performed during the five-day period.
  • Mahashivarathri – The festival is celebrated in February or March. The festival signifies the marriage of Lord Shiva with Goddess Parvati. Some also believe that this is the day when Lord Shiva absorbed the poison that turned him blue during the churning of Amrit episode in mythology. The day is celebrated with great reverence. Devotees keep fast and sing bhajans throughout the night and into the day. Special Poojas are performed for the Linga. Thousands of pilgrims from in and around Karnataka visit the shrine to receive blessings from the God themselves.

Besides the above major festivals, Ganesh Chaturthi, Ugadi, Annual Jathre and Deepavali are also celebrated with great enthusiasm.

Dharmasthala Temple Poojas and Rituals

The following Sevas are performed for Sri Manjunathaswamy:

  • Shata Rudrabhishekam – The Pooja is considered to be extremely auspicious and sacred. It is believed that by performing the Pooja, one can obtain protection and fulfillment of the wishes from the God.
  • Bilva Pathrarchana – The Archana is performed for the deity with the Bilva leaves on behalf of the devotee.
  • Panchamrutha Abhishekam with Ekadasha Rudrabhishekam – The Lord is bathed with “Panch Amrit” that are Milk, Curd, Ghee, Honey and Sugar on behalf of the devotee. The Ekadasha Rudrabhishekam Pooja is performed for all the eleven Rudras of Lord Shiva. After the aavahan (welcoming of the deity), sthaapna (giving a seat to the deity) Laghu-nyasam is recited. Then Rudra Trishati is recited. Abhishekam is done to each of the 11 Rudras with all the 11 dravyas prescribed in the Shiv Puraana
  • Karpoora Aarti – The Aarti is performed for the Lord with Camphor known as the Karpoora on behalf of the devotee.
  • The Theertha bottle and Sri Prasada can also be obtained from the Seva counter.

The following Sevas are performed for Sri Ammavaru:

  • Pavamanabhishekam – The word Pavamana means water that flows and purifies. This Abhishekam is performed amidst hymns for the purification of the soul.
  • Flower Pooja – The Goddess is decorated in a delightful combination of flowers and Archana is done with flowers amidst several chants and mantras.
  • Panchamrutha Abhishekam – The Lord is bathed with “Panch Amrit” that are Milk, Curd, Ghee, Honey and Sugar on behalf of the devotee.
  • Kumkumarchana – The Archana is done for the Goddess with Kumkum on behalf of the deity.

Besides the above Sevas to the Lord and Goddess, special Sevas are performed which are listed below:

  • Silver Pallaki Utsav and Silver Chariot Utsav – The Idol of Lord Manjunathaswamy and Goddess Ammavaru are taken around the Temple in a Silver Pallaki and then in a Silver chariot. The procession takes place accompanied by the chants and shlokas praising Lord Shiva.
  • Gold Pallaki Utsav – The idol of the Lord and the Goddess is worshiped in a Golden Pallaki on behalf of the devotee.
  • Silver Lalaki and Deepothsava – A large number of lamps or deepams are lit in dedication to God and several Poojas and rituals are performed.
  • Ranga Pooja – The Pooja can be performed only between Monday to Friday with either 24 Yede or 48 Yede.
  • Tulabhara Seva – The Seva can be performed between 7:30 AM to 12:30 AM on all the days of the week. This Seva includes the devotee sitting on one side of the Tula or the weighing balance. On the other side, offerings are arranged until the weight of the devotee and the offerings balance themselves. The offerings are then donated to the Temple. The Seva can be performed for both children and adults at the Temple. The Pooja material depends on the choice of the devotee like rice, coconut, flowers, bananas, jaggery, sugar and coins.
  • Tonsuring – The devotees can also tonsure their head at the Temple premises. It is generally believed that the Tonsuring of hair symbolizes the sacrificing of the human ego to God. It also means giving up of materialism.

How to reach Dharmasthala Temple: Road, Rail and Air

  • By Air – The nearest Airport is the Mangalore International Airport which is about 65 km from Dharmasthala. Domestic flights connect Dharmasthala to Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru, Goa, Kochi, and Kolkata are available.
  • By Train – Mangalore railway station at a distance of 74 km is the nearest railway station to Dharmasthala. Devotees can hire taxis from there. Regular buses are also available to the town of Dharmasthala. Mangalore is well connected to cities like Bengaluru, Mumbai, Trivandrum, Thane, Udupi and Bhatkal.
  • By Road – The KSRTC (Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation) buses operate buses from all over the state to Dharmasthala. Private buses also provide regular service to the town.

Bangalore to Dharmasthala

  • By Air – Fly from Bangalore International Airport to Mangalore. Mangalore International Airport is about 75 km from Dharmasthala.
  • By Train – Take a train from Bangalore to Mangalore. Mangalore railway station at a distance of 75 km is the nearest railway station to Dharmasthala. Devotees can hire taxis from there. Regular buses are also available to the town of Dharmasthala.
  • By Road – The KSRTC (Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation) buses operate regularly from Bangalore to Dharmasthala. Private buses also provide regular service to the town.

Mangalore to Dharmasthala

  • By Air – There is no air connection from Mangalore to Dharmasthala. Take a bus or taxi.
  • By Train – There is no train connection from Mangalore to Dharmasthala. Devotees can hire taxis from Mangalore. Regular buses are also available to the town of Dharmasthala.
  • By Road – The KSRTC (Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation) buses operate regularly from Mangalore to Dharmasthala. Private buses also provide regular service to the town.

Hotels in Dharmasthala: Where to stay

The Dharmasthala Temple management operates ten guest houses all of which contain basic and hygienic amenities. The guest houses are named as Ganga, Kaveri, Narmada, Gayathri, Nethravati, Vaishali, Sharavathi, Saketha, Gangotri, and Rajathadri.

Besides the Dharmasthala Temple accommodation, several private hotels and lodges also provide good quality accommodation to the devotees.

Where to eat

The Annaprasadam offered free of cost to all the visiting devotees is a must have for any visitor. The meal consists of three courses and is served in a very hygienic manner.

Several small vegetarian hotels can be visited around the Dharmasthala Temple Complex. The cuisine is mainly South Indian but certain restaurants do serve North Indian and Chinese dishes as well.

Nearby Temples

  • Sri Chandranatha Swamy Basadi – The ancient and one of the most important shrines for Jain pilgrimage is situated within the town of Dharmasthala. The Temple dates back by several centuries and is a revered Digambara shrine. The Temple is made of marble in traditional Kerala style of architecture. The Trikala Poojas are performed here daily with great reverence. The Temple opens at 7 AM and closes at 6 PM>
  • The Bahubali Hill – A devotee must visit the gigantic statue of Bahubali erected on a hill near the Temple Complex. The statue is 39 feet tall and is carved from a single rock. As per the legend associated with Bahubali, Bharat and Bahubali were the sons of the first Jain Tirthankara, King Rishabha. When Rishabha renounced all material things, he gave the kingdom of Ayodhya to Bharat and Podanapura to Bahubali. Eventually, Bharat conquered the whole region except Podanapura. To avoid bloodshed, they both fought hand to hand. Just when Bahubali was going to kill Bharat, he realized the futility of a war and feud. Bahubali handed over the Kingdom to Bharat and renounced the world to become a Saint or a Digambara.
  • Sri Sadashiva Rudra Temple – The Temple is located about 12 km away from Dharmasthala in the village named Suriya. The Temple is 700 years old. The uniqueness of the Temple lies in the fact that only clay offerings are accepted on behalf of Lord Shiva, who is the presiding deity of the Temple. Offerings like clay chairs, tables, bride and groom, cradle, house, cattle, and limbs are available outside the Temple for the devotee to choose and offer.
  • Kukke Subrahmanya Temple – The famous Temple dedicated to Lord Subrahmanya is located at a distance of 47 km from the Dharmasthala Temple. The Lord Subrahmanya idol represents him as a guardian of snakes and their King Vasuki. The famous Ashlesha Bali, Nagasarpa Dosha Pooja, and the Naagprathishta are performed here for devotees.
  • Sri Udupi Krishna Temple – The unique Temple of Sri Krishna in a Bal Avatar is situated at a distance of 101 km from Dharmasthala. The idol of Sri Krishna is represented as a child holding a churning rod in one hand and a rope on the other. This form of Krishna cannot be seen anywhere else in the world. The idol is believed to be made in Dwarka during Sri Krishna’s reign by his wife Rukmini.
Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple

Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple

Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple – Goddess of Food and Nourishment

Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple Video 

The Adhishakthyathmaka Sri Annapoorneshwari Temple, more popularly known as The Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple is located on the banks of River Bhadra in Horanadu among the beautiful hills and valleys of the Western Ghats of Karnataka. The town of Horanadu is also known as “Sri Kshethra Horanadu” in respect of Sri Annapoorneshwari.

The word Annapoorna can be seen as a conjunction of two words- Anna meaning food or grains and Purna meaning complete and perfect. Sri Annapoorneshwari is the Goddess of food and nourishment. She is considered to be an avatar of Goddess Parvati, wife of Lord Shiva. Her importance can be gauged by the fact that she is praised and glorified in several ancient scriptures like Annapurnamantratsava, Maha Tripurasiddhanta, Annapurna Kavacha, Annapurnahavamti, Annapurnamalininaksatramalika, Bhairvahyantantra, Rudrayamala, and Sivarahasya, Even though she is widely worshiped by people, only a few temples are dedicated to her as the presiding deity. The other famous Temples dedicated to Sri Annapoorneshwari are the Annapoorna Devi mandir and the Kasi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi.

To visit the Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple, devotees have to climb a few steps to reach the main temple complex. The Gopuram of the Temple is adorned with various sculptures of Gods and Goddesses. A mandapam can be seen on the left of the main entrance. A queue complex next to the Mandapam is present for entry into the main hall where Annadanam is conducted every day.  Towards the back of the Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple, a commercial complex of four to five shops is present that sell Pooja materials as well as small toys and gifts from Horanadu. The main temple is small but well organized. The ceilings of the temple are carved meticulously.

The idol of the main deity of the Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple, Sri Annapoorneshwari is made of gold. The Goddess has a standing posture with four hands, each holding a Shanka, Chakra, Sri Chakra and Devi Gayathri.

Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple History and Legend

  • Though the exact date of construction of the Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple is unknown, it is believed that the original temple was small and consecrated by the holy Sage Agasthya himself.
  • The Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple was small and inconspicuous until the fifth Dharmakartharu Sri D.B. Venkatasubba Jois renovated the Temple following the Vaastu Shilpa and Astrology.
  • The Punarprathisthapan of Sri Annapoorneshwari took place in 1973 and the Mahakumbhabhishekam was performed by Jagadguru Shankaracharya Sri Abhinava Vidyathirtha Mahaswamiji of Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Sringeri.
  • The sixth Dharmakartharu constructed the Navagraha Temple. He also established the steam cooking system in the Temple Kitchen, Annachathra, and Guesthouses for pilgrims and the labor colony.
  • An interesting legend associated with the Goddess Annapoorneshwari is that of her spat with Lord Shiva regarding the importance of food in one’s life. As per the legend, Shiva and Parvathi were playing the game of dice. Shiva lost all that he possessed to Parvati during the game. A humiliated Shiva was asked by Vishnu to play again. On his advice, Shiva played again and won everything back. Parvati became suspicious and an argument ensued between Shiva and Parvati. Vishnu intervened and stated that the moves were made by him whereas Shiva and Parvati were playing an illusion.
  • Lord Shiva proposed that everything is temporary like a Maya or an illusion. He concluded that Food is also an illusion and a Maya. Goddess Parvati disagreed and to prove that food is not an illusion, she disappeared. As a result, nature became still, seasons stopped changing and new plant growth stopped. The land eventually became barren and drought ensued. Everyone including humans, animals and demons prayed for food. Lord Shiva soon realized the importance of food and recognized it as a basic need for all creatures in the world.
  • Goddess Parvati, taking pity on everyone, appeared in Kashi (Varanasi) and started distributing food. Lord Shiva appeared before her with a begging bowl, seeing which Goddess Parvati fed him with her ladle. Since then, Goddess Parvati is worshiped as Annapoorneshwari.

Significance of Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple

  • All the visitors irrespective of religion, caste or creed are served with a three-course vegetarian meal for free. The pilgrims are served thrice a day – breakfast, lunch and dinner. They are also provided with Tea and Coffee in the evening for free.
  • It is believed that one who prays to the deity with conviction will never face any food scarcity in his or her life.
  • Aksharabhyasam and Namakarna – The pilgrims can perform the Namakarnam ritual (Naming of a newborn) and the Aksharabhyasam ritual at the Temple. The Aksharabhyasam ritual involves writing the name of Lord Ganapathi and Lord Saraswathi on an offering of Rice amidst the chanting of mantras and shlokas.
  • It is considered to be auspicious to perform Annadanam for people with the blessings of Goddess Annapoorneshwari. They are absolved of their sins and will never go hungry in their life.

Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple Timings

  • The Horanadu Temple opens at 6 am and closes at 9 pm.
  • The afternoon darshan break is from 2pm to 4pm.
  • The Maha Mangala Aarti takes place at 9 AM, 1:30 PM and 9 PM every day.
  • The Kumkumarchana takes place from 11 AM to 1 PM and from 7 PM to 8:30 PM daily.
  • The Prasada Bhojana or the Annadanam takes place from 12 PM to 3 PM and from 7:30 PM to 9:30 PM.

Dress Code

The male devotees have to remove their shirts and vests before entering the Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple complex. It is preferred to wear a towel or shawl that covers their shoulders. There is no particular dress code for women but it is recommended to wear decent apparel.

Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple Poojas and Rituals

The list of Poojas can be divided into the Daily Sevas, Friday Sevas and Yearly Sevas.

The Daily Sevas are as below:

  • Maharangapooja – This is also known as the Deepardhana. A devotee can perform it by obtaining a receipt of Rs. 500.
  • Panchamruthanhishekam – The Goddess is bathed with Milk, honey, curd, sugar, and ghee. The cost for this Seva is Rs. 30 for all days except for Friday.
  • Kumkumarchana – The Kumkum Archana is done especially for the Goddesses. Kumkum and Turmeric are the main materials with which the Aarti is performed. The cost is Rs. 40.
  • Annadana Seva for one day – A devotee can perform the Annadanam (donation of food) for one full day for Rs. 5000.
  • Navagraha Pooja – The Pooja is performed for the Navagrahas (nine gods representing the planets). The cost of the Seva is Rs.300.
  • Sri Sathyaganesha Vratha – The Seva can be performed by a devotee for Rs.250.

Special Sevas are performed for Fridays:

  • Shukravara Seva – In this Seva, the Kumkumarchana will be performed for the Goddess on any one Friday of the month for twelve months in a year. The minimum amount payable for the service is Rs. 500.
  • Hunmine or the Amavasya Seva – The Kumkumarchana will be performed on every Amavasya of the month for one year. The minimum amount payable is Rs. 500.

Special Homam Sevas can be performed at the Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple. They are as below:

  • Sri Mahachandika Homam – The Homam is performed in dedication to Goddess Shakti or Chandi. It is believed that one can attain health, wealth and prosperity by performing the Homam. One will also be relieved of evil forces, curses and obstacles in their lives. The Homam is done by experts chanting the Slokas of 13 chapters of Durga Saptashati. Several poojas like the Ganapathi Pooja, Kanya Pooja, Kalasa Sthapana and Saptashati Parayanam are also performed. The temple charges 15000 for the service and the Temple should be informed 2 months in advance.
  • Sri Mahaganapathi Homam – The Homam is performed before the beginning of any pursuit in life. It is believed that Lord Ganapathi removes any obstacles in the way of the goal of a person. The Homam is also performed for seeking spiritual blessings. The Temple charges Rs. 12000 for the Seva and the booking must be done 2 months in advance.

Some yearly Sevas are also performed. They are as below

  • Varshika Seva – The Annadana for 25 persons will be performed on a particular day every year up to 4 years only like Marriages, Birthdays, and anniversaries. The minimum charge for the service is Rs. 2000.
  • Shashwatha Annadana Seva – A devotee can provide Annadanam for a batch on one special day every year of his or her life. The minimum amount payable is Rs. 100000.

Festivals celebrated at Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple

  • Navaratri – The festival is celebrated in September – October with great fanfare and pomp. The festival lasts for 9 days during which the nine forms of Durga are celebrated. The nine forms are Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kusmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalaratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri. On the tenth day of Vijayadasami, the Chandika Homam is performed for the Goddess.
  • Akshaya Thadige – The Akshaya Thadige or the Akshaya Tritiya is celebrated in April – May. The day is considered as the birth date of Goddess Annapoorneshwari. The day also signifies the beginning of summer and the end of winters. The day marks the beginning of the Treta Yuga. It is believed that there are no ill or bad timings in the entire day.
  • Rathotsava – The Rathotsava is a Temple festival celebrated in February – March. The festival is celebrated for 5 days.  The Ganapathi Pooja, Ganapathi Homam, and Maha Ranga Pooja are performed on the first day. The Dhwajarohana and Pushpakarohana are performed on the second day followed by the Brahmotsava and Rathotsava on the third day.

Besides the above festivals, Deepavali, Shankara Jayanti, and Havi are also celebrated with great fervor.

How to reach Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple: Road, Rail and Air

  • By Air – The nearest airport is the Mangalore Domestic Airport. Regular flights are available from cities like Bengaluru, Chennai
  • By Rail – Shimoga is the nearest railway station, situated at a distance of 127 km. Regular State Government operated buses are available from Shimoga to Horanadu. Shimoga is well connected to trains from Bengaluru, Mumbai, Pune and Mangalore.
  • By Road – The hill town of Horanadu can be reached by buses from cities like Bengaluru, Mysore, Shimoga, and Mangalore.

Sringeri to Horanadu

  • The only way to travel from Sringeri to Horanadu is by Road. There are buses and private taxis available. The distance between the two places is around 45 kms and takes 1:15 hours.

Bangalore to Horanadu

  • By Air – Fly from Bangalore to Mangalore. Sringeri can be reached by Road from Mangalore. It is around 120kms and takes 2:30 hours.
  • By Rail – Mangalore and Shimoga are the nearest Railway stations.
  • By Road – Regular buses are available from Bangalore. It takes around 7:30 hours.

Hotels in Horanadu: Where to stay

The Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple administration has constructed the Bhadra Nivasa Lodge near the Temple premises. The devotees can book rooms here at nominal rates. The room options vary from double bed standard to AC. The Suites are also available for larger families. The requirement of Identity Cards is a must for booking accommodation in the Lodge. Hot water and generator facilities are provided for certain hours every day. For online booking and related queries, one can visit the link http://srikshetrahoranadu.com/

Several private Homestays are present around the hilly town of Horanadu like the Nature Valley Homestay, Suprabha Residency, and Sri Devi Comforts. However, they are situated at a distance from the Temple.

Where to eat

The Horanadu Annapoorneshwari Temple provides Annadanam to the pilgrims every day in the afternoon and the evening. The meal is vegetarian with a desert too. Besides this, a few small hotels can be visited outside the Temple Complex.

Nearby Temples

  • Sri Kalaseshwara Temple – The Temple is located 8 km away from Horanadu in the town of Kalasa. The town is home to the Kalasheshwara Temple. The Temple is surrounded by the Bhadra River on 3 sides giving the land where the temple is built, a pot-like shape. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. According to legends, Sage Agasthya made Kalasa as his home but wanted to witness the wedding of Shiva and Parvathi. Lord Shiva obliged and gave a boon to Agasthya using which he was able to watch the wedding from Kalasa.
  • Sringeri Sharada Peetham – The holy town of Sringeri is located at a distance of about 70 km from Horanadu. The Temple was the first of the four Ammaya Peetham established by Sri Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century AD. Sri Sharadamba believed to be an incarnation of Goddess Saraswati is the presiding deity of the Temple.
  • Dharmasthala – This 800-year-old Temple institution is situated at a distance of 108 km from Horanadu. The presiding deities are Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi and the Jain Tirthankara Chandraprabha. The Temple is one of the most revered sites of pilgrimage in Karnataka. The uniqueness lies in the fact that the Temple is a Shiva Temple, the priests are Vaishnavites and the Administration is run by a Jain family.
  • Kollur Mookambigai Temple – The famous and revered Sri Mookambikai Temple is located in Kollur which is 168 km from Horanadu. The presiding deity is Goddess Mookambikai also known as Devi and in front of her idol, is a Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva. The unique feature of the Linga is that it is divided into two unequal parts – The Smaller right part represents Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and the larger Left part represents Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati.
  • Kukke Subramanya Temple – The Temple is located in the town of Subramanya which is 176 km away from Horanadu. The presiding deity is Lord Karthikeya worshiped as Subramanya. It is believed that the divine serpent Vasuki was safeguarded by Lord Subramanya when they were threatened by Garuda.
sringeri temple

Sringeri Temple

Sringeri Temple – Sharada Peetham

Sringeri Temple Video 

The Sringeri Sharada Peetham is located on the banks of River Tunga in the Chikkamagalur district of Karnataka. was the first of the four Ammaya Peetham established by Sri Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century AD. The word Ammaya Peetham means “Throne of the Veda”. Sri Adi Shankaracharya established four Peethams or Centers in the four corners of the country to safeguard and propagate the Vedas. The head of the Mutt is called Jagadguru meaning “Teacher of the world”. Although, the sringeri temple was established in the 8th century, the documented history is present only for the period after the 14th century.

The Sringeri Temple Complex is huge and consists of many temples as mentioned below:

  • Sri Sharadamba Temple – The Temple is made of granite stones. The Mahamandapam has huge stone pillars exquisitely carved with deities like Durga, Raja Rajeshwari, Dwarapalakas and Devis which are all sculpted according to the Shilpa Sastras practiced in Tamilnadu. The door of the temple is made of Gold covering and is unique because it has 8 panels with figures of Ashtalakshmi inscribed on them.
  • Sri Torana Ganapati Temple – The unique shrine is a simple silver door with a gold covered idol of Ganapati on the top. It is customary for devotees to first have darshan of Torana Ganapati and then proceed to visit Sri Sharadamba.
  • Sri Vidyashankara Temple – The Temple was built in 1338 AD in the Chalukyan and Dravidian style of architecture. The Garbhagrah is on the west side with Vidya Ganapati and Durga as the main deities. The other three sides are governed by Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.
  • Sri Janardhana Temple – The Temple was built around the 9th century. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu as Janardhana. The idol of Lord Janardhana is flanked on both sides by Sridevi and Bhudevi. The idol is covered with Sandal paste throughout the year.
  • Sri Adi Shankaracharya Temple – The idol of Sri Adi Shankaracharya is present in a pose of a Yogasana with four disciples and a Shiva Linga in front.
  • Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple – A small Temple dedicated to Lord Rama, Lakshmana and Sita is present on the right of the Sri Sharadamba Temple.

Besides these Temples, Sri Adi Shankaracharya established four guardian deities in the four directions to protect the town. They are Kalabhairava in the East, Anjaneya in the West, Durga in the South, and Kalikamba in North.

Sringeri Temple History and Legend

  • Sri Sharadamba is the presiding deity of the town of Sringeri. The original sringeri temple was small with a sandalwood idol of Goddess Sharada installed above a Sri Chakra carved by Adi Shankaracharya. Subsequently, the sringeri temple was renovated and expanded by Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha and Sri Vidyaranya. Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha substituted the sandalwood idol with the present golden idol.
  • Sri Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Narasimha Bharati raised the present structure in granite with polished granite walls around the sanctum and Sri Chandrasekhara Bharati consecrated the new temple in May 1916.
  • As per the legend related to the origin of the sringeri temple, a mention in the Karma Kanda of Vedas tells us the story of Goddess Sharada and Adi Shankaracharya. As per the story, a noted scholar named Mandanmisra was famous for his debating skills and no one could win the debate with him. Seeing this, Goddess Saraswati descended on Earth as Upaya Bharathi and organized a debate between Shankaracharya and Mandanmisra. The condition was that if Shankaracharya loses the debate, he would marry and have a family and if Mandanmisra loses, he will take up Asceticism. Upaya Bharathi handed each of them a garland and said that whichever garland dries up first, that person will lose the debate.
  • The debate lasted for 17 days and eventually Mandanmisra ‘s garland dried first and he lost the debate. Upaya Bharathi challenged Shankaracharya on a debate on marital life. After a time gap of one month, Shankaracharya won the debate. He begged Upaya Bharathi to follow him to a place he goes to frequently. She obliged on the condition that he will not turn back and look at her otherwise she will stop.
  • Mandanmisra was now a disciple of Shankaracharya and him along with Upaya Bharathi started the journey following him. On reaching the village of Sringeri, he was surprised by an unusual sight on the banks of River Tunga. A cobra was spreading out its hood over a frog in labor pains, to give it a shadow from the scorching mid-day sun. The sound of the anklets stopped and he turned back to look. Shankaracharya immediately installed the Sri Chakra on a rock there and installed Devi with the name Sharada.  The Goddess appeared before him  and said that this would be known as the Sharada Peetham and that she would stay at the Peetam to grace the devotees.  Mandanamisra, now Sureshwara became the first pontiff of Sringeri Sharada Peetam.
  • In the 14th century, royal patronage was given by the Vijayanagara empire. The King granted the Peetham the rights over the secular administration of the land.
  • It is believed that during the Muslim invasion under Malik Kafur, the original idol made of sandalwood was destroyed. During the Vijayanagara period, a gold statue of Sharadamba in a seated posture was installed here.
  • According to the history of the sringeri temple, the 32nd Acharya of the Peetham, Jagadguru Sri Vriddha Narasimha Bharati Mahaswamiji had a vision of the Ganapati when he was contemplating on resolving and issue in the mutt affairs. He offered prayers to the image of Lord Ganapati carved on the Torana of the door nearby. The problem was resolved immediately. Since then, the Ganapati has come to be worshiped as Torana Ganapati.

Significance of the Sringeri Temple

  • Sringeri Sharada Peetham is the southern Advaita Vedanta Matt founded by the Sri Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century AD. He had previously established three Matts – Jyotirmath in the North, Puri in the East and Dwarka in the West. Sri Adi Shankaracharya installed the idol of Goddess Sharadamba on the banks of the Tunga river.
  • It is believed that Lord Shiva gifted the crystal Chandramouleeshwara Linga to Sri Adi Shankaracharya. The Linga can still be visited and the Chandramouleeshwara Pooja is performed for the Linga every night at 8:30 PM.
  • It is believed that Goddess Sharadambika is the incarnation of Goddess Saraswati, who came to Earth as Upaya Bharathi. It is a common faith that by worshiping her, one can receive blessings of Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu along with Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati.
  • In the eastern half of the structure of Sri Vidyashankara Temple, a mandap with twelve pillars can be seen. Each of them is adorned with twelve signs of the Zodiac in order. These pillars are arranged in such a way that the rays of the sun fall on each of them in order of the 12 solar months.
  • A large Sudarshana Chakra can be seen in the Janardhana Temple in the complex. It is believed that offering prayers to the Chakra can ward off the feelings of enmity towards other human beings. It is also believed to protect devotees from all evil and harm.
  • The ritual of Aksharabhyasa performed here is considered to be sacred and fulfilling. The parents of kids in the age of 2-5 are given a slate and chalk or alternatively, a plate of rice on which they pray to Goddess Saraswati and the Guru to impart good knowledge and education to their children.

Sringeri Mutt

  • Just adjoining the Sringeri Temple, there is a famous monastery known as Sringeri Mutt which was established by Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century.
  • The gurus of the mutt follow Advaita Vedanta philosophy. The gurus believe that the Brahman is the ultimate cosmic spirit and all the gods described in scriptures are just manifestations of Brahman. They believe in the innermost self of the human being – Aham Brahma Asmi, which means “I am the Universal spirit”.
  • The gurus at the mutt teach that an individual must imbibe the good habits of the guru in addition to revering and listening to the guru’s teachings.
  • The mutt has produced so many scholars. The swamis of this matha consider themselves as the descendants of Sri Adi Shankaracharya.
  • The mutt runs a few colleges and a hospital. It also maintains some temples and Vedic schools across India. The Sringeri Temple is maintained by the mutt. The mutt also strives hard to preserve the natural beauty of Sringeri.

Sringeri Temple Timings

  • Sringeri temple opens at 6 am and closes at 9:15 pm.
  • However there is a mid-afternoon break from 2 pm to 4 pm.
  • Sri Vidyashankara Temple and Sri Torana Ganapati Temple – The Temples open at 7 AM and close at 8:30 PM with mid-afternoon break between 1 PM to 5 PM.
  • Sri Malahaneekareswara Temple – The Temple remains open from 8 AM to 8 PM with Mid-afternoon break between 12 PM to 5 PM.
  • All the other Temples inside the Sharada Matha Complex open at 8:30 AM and close at 7 PM with mid-afternoon break between 12 PM to 5 PM.
  • Darshan of Sri Jagadguru can be done at 10:30 AM in the morning and 5:30 PM in the evening. The darshan timings are subjected to change according to the schedule of Sri Jagadguru’s activities during the day.

Dress code

It is advised to wear decent cotton clothes during summers (March to Mid-June). The rains start from June onwards when it is recommended to wear full sleeves and jackets. Blankets and Bedsheets must be carried in winters as it gets quite cold here in winters. It is recommended to carry Umbrellas and Torches as the power availability is interrupted frequently.

Festivals at Sringeri Temple

  • Guru Purnima – The Full Moon day in the month of Ashadha in Hindu calendar is named as Guru Purnima. The holy day is dedicated to Guru or the Teacher. On this day, Poojas are offered to the Brahma Vidyacharyas – who have passed down Brahman knowledge to continuous successive generations of Acharya. The Vyasa Pooja is also performed on this day as the Sage Ved Vyasa is considered to be a person with the highest level of intellect. He coded the Vedas into four divisions and composed the Brahmasutras.
  • Chaturmasya Vrata – Traditionally, the Chaturmasya Vrata is observed for a period of two months, usually from July – August. The Sannyasins observe the Vrata and stay at one place to disperse spiritual knowledge to their disciples. During the Vrata period, the Jagadguru observes the following Vratas – Shravana Somvara Vrata, Vara Mahalakshmi Vrata, Gokulashtami Vrata, Vamana Jayanti, Ananta Padmanabha Vrata and Uma Maheshwar Vrata.
  • Sharan Navaratri – The Navaratri Utsav is celebrated with great fervor and zest in The Sringeri Temple complex. The festival is celebrated in a unique way which is a must see in anyone’s lifetime. On the day before Navaratri, a Maha Abhishekam will be performed for Goddess Sharadamba. The Rudrabhishekam and 108 Abhishekam will be followed by an offering of several Alankaras to the Goddess. They are Jagatprasutika Alankaram ( the day before Navaratri), Brahmi, Maheshwari, Koumari, Vaishnavi, Indrani, Veena Sharada, Mohini, Rajarajeshwari, Chamunda, and Gajalakshmi. Several Parayanas (Readings) are also performed such as of the Vedas and the Gita. Cultural music programs are also held at the Sringeri Temple Complex.
  • Vidyathirtha Rathotsava – This festival is celebrated for seven days during the Kartik Shukla Paksha (November). Several Poojas and Aradhanas are performed on the special days of Shashti, Saptami and Ashtami of the month.
  • Besides the above main festivals mentioned, other festivals celebrated on a grand scale are Makara Sankranthi, Maha Shivaratri, Ugadi, Ram Navami, Narasimha Jayanti, Janmashtami, Vinayaka Chaturthi, Jagadguru Jayanti, Deepavali, and Kartik Somavara Pooja.

Sringeri Temple Poojas and Rituals

  • Chandramouleeshwara Pooja – The Trikala Nitya Pooja of the holy Linga of Sri Chandramouleeshwara and of Sri Chakra is performed every night.
  • Sri Adi Shankaracharya Ashtottara Shatanamavali – This is the list of 108 names of Sri Adi Shankaracharya that has been passed down by the previous generations. This Stotra is recited daily at the Sringeri Math in the temple dedicated to Sri Adi Shankaracharya as part of daily Pooja.
  • Gita Gyana Yagna – The Gita Gyana Yagna scheme has been started by the Sri Sharada Peetham in which any individual who can recite the 700 Shlokas mentioned in the Gita will be rewarded with Rupees 21,000 and a certificate. The attempt can also be split into 3 days.
  • Ashtottara Seva – The devotees can perform the Ashtottara ceremony in all the Temples of the complex to their respective presiding deities. Ashtottara means reciting of the 108 names of Gods such as Ganesha, Vishnu, Durga, and Shiva.
  • Dindi Deeparadana (Suvasini Pooja) – This Pooja can be performed by devotees at the Sringeri Temple. The Suvasini Pooja is done by worshiping a married woman as a representation of Goddess Durga. The woman is offered meals, fruits, clothes, and Dakshina.
  • Udayastamana Pooja – This is a unique type of Pooja performed for one full day, starting from dawn till dusk. There is a total of 18 Poojas done for the devotees throughout the day.
  • Rudrabhishekam – This Pooja is performed to please Lord Shiva and to get his blessings. The Pooja is done to relieve one of his or her sins and bring prosperity to the family. The Pooja can be offered at the Sri Shankaracharya Temple, Sri Vidyashankara Temple and Sri Balasubramanya Temple.
  • Panchamrutha Abhishekam – It is a ritual in which the idols of the God are bathed with five items (Panch amrit)- Milk, Curd, Honey, Sugar, and Ghee. The ritual can be performed at all the Temples in the complex.
  • Aksharabhyasam

    The couples with children of age 2.5 – 5 years can perform the Seva as a start to the education of their children. The timings are from 8am to 1pm and the cost is Rs.250. The performing of this ritual is special because the presiding deity Sri Sharadamba is Goddess of intelligence and knowledge.

How to reach Sringeri: Road, Rail and Air

  • By Air – The Mangalore airport is the nearest airport to Sringeri from where regular buses are available.
  • By Train – Shimoga and Kadur are the nearest railway stations. One can take a bus or a private taxi to reach the temple town from there.
  • By Road – The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) buses are available from all major towns and cities in Karnataka like Bengaluru, Mangalore, Udupi, Mysore, Shimoga, and Dharmasthala.

Bangalore to Sringeri: How to Reach

  • By Air – Fly from Bangalore International Airport to the Bajpe International Airport at Mangalore. There are regular buses available from Mangalore.
  • By Train – Take a train from Bangalore to Mangalore or Shimoga. One can take a bus or a private taxi to reach the temple town from there.
  • By Road – The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) operates regular buses from Bangalore Bus Station.

Sringeri Hotels: Where to stay

The devotees can stay comfortably in any one of the seven Guest Houses constructed by the Sri Sharada Peetham. Normal rooms and dormitories are available for use at nominal rates. Advance booking is not allowed. The rooms can be booked only on first come first serve basis. For booking of rooms, pilgrims need to contact the Information office located near the Temple main entrance.

A large number of small guest houses and hotels are available for private accommodation.

Where to eat in Sringeri

Under the leadership of Sri Sharada Peetham, a dining hall by the name of “Sri Bharathi Theertha Prasada” has been built near the Sharada Temple. Food is served to all devotees in the afternoon between 12:15 PM to 2:30 PM and at night between 7:15 PM to 8:30 PM.

A few private restaurants are available near the Temple Complex. The cuisine offered is mainly South Indian.

Nearby Temples

  • Sri Malahanikareshwara Temple – The Temple is perched on top of a hillock. The devotees have to climb 156 steps reach the Temple. The Temple is dedicated to the Linga of Malahanikeshwara who is known as the destroyer of impurities in the soul of a person.
  • The Rishyasringa Temple at Kigga – The town of Kigga is situated 9 km away from Sringeri. The presiding deity of the significant temple is Rishyasringa and his wife Santa. It is believed that he caused rainfall in the drought-stricken kingdom of Romapada. King Dasaratha (Lord Rama’s father) invited Rishyasringa to be the presiding priest at the sacrifice he conducted to obtain sons. The Shiva Linga in the Temple has horns. The ancient Vashishtha Ashram is also situated in the town.
  • Anegudde – The place is famous for its two temples – The Mahalingeshwara Temple and the Anegudde Vinayaka Temple. The place is also known as Kumbhashi as this is the place where Kumbhasura was slain. It is one of the seven places in a collective region called “Parashurama Srishti”, the creation of Saint Parashurama.
  • Horanadu – The Temple dedicated to Goddess Annapoorneshwari is located in the beautiful town called Horanadu. Everybody who visits this shrine is provided with food and is offered a place to sleep or rest. The idol depicts the Goddess Annapoorneshwari standing on a pedestal with Shanku, Chakra, Sri Chakra and Devi Gayathri in her four hands.
  • Kalasa – The town is home to the Kalasheshwara Temple. The Temple is surrounded by the Bhadra River on 3 sides giving the land where the temple is built, a pot-like shape. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. According to legends, Sage Agasthya made Kalasa as his home but wanted to witness the wedding of Shiva and Parvathi. Lord Shiva obliged and gave a boon to Agasthya using which he was able to watch the wedding from Kalasa.
  • Kollur Mookambika Temple – The famous and revered Sri Mookambikai Temple is located in Kollur. The presiding deity is Goddess Mookambikai also known as Devi and in front of her idol, is a Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva. The unique feature of the Linga is that it is divided into two unequal parts – The Smaller right part represents Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and the larger Left part represents Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati.