Vaishno Devi Temple

Vaishno Devi Temple

India is often described as the Land of Gods, where you will find places of great religious significance every few hundred kilometers. One such holy and revered shrine dedicated to Goddess Shakti (Sati or Adi Parashakti) is Vaishno Devi Temple located among the Trikuta Mountains in Jammu and Kashmir. The beloved shrine is visited by lakhs of pilgrims every year who brave harsh weather and a steep climb with true dedication and devotion to receive her blessings.

Vaishno Devi Temple is actually a cave where the Goddess is worshiped in the form of a five feet rock having a three-headed peak. These three heads are locally known as Pindies, each representing the three holy forms of Goddess Shakti. The Pindi on the right of the devotee represents Goddess Mahakali, the central Pindi represents Goddess Mahalakshmi and the Pindi to the left represents Goddess Saraswati.

Vaishno Devi Temple is located at one of the three peaks of the Trikuta Mountains. The 13 km Trek to the peak of the mountain begins at Katra, passes through Banganga and then diversifies into two different routes. One route passes via the Adhkuwari Temple and is the old route to reach the Bhawan. The route is steep and narrow but is considered to be built along the original route that the Goddess must have taken to reach the Holy Cave at the top. For the convenience of the devotees, a new route was constructed by the administration. The new route passes through Himkoti. The track is wide with an ascendable gradient. The track is preferred by pilgrims accompanied by senior citizens and children.

The Banganga is the first stop for the pilgrims en route to the Bhawan, followed by the Charan Paduka and Adhkuwari. The Adhkuwari shrine is the halfway point to the Bhawan. Vaishno Devi Temple is managed well and provides all required modern services to the visiting pilgrims such as food, shelter, resting places, viewing points, blankets, toilets, hot water facilities and medical facilities.

Vaishno Devi Temple

Vaishno Devi Temple History

  • The exact date or the year of the beginning of worship of the Goddess in the caves is unknown. Several references can be found in the Mahabharata which mentions the holy goddess of Jamboo Mountains. It is believed that Jamboo is the ancient name of the present day Jammu. It is also believed that Pandavas where the original worshipers of the Goddess in the holy cave. Five stone figures probably representing the Pandavas can be found in a nearby mountain range giving some credibility to the association of Pandavas to Vaishno Devi Temple.
  • According to the legend, in the Treta Yuga, Mata Vaishno Devi was born as Trikuta to a man named Ratnakar Sagar in South India. She was later named as Vaishnavi as she has taken birth from the lineage of Lord Vishnu. When she was 9 years old, she performed penance on the seashore and met Lord Rama. She asked for his hand in marriage but was promised by him that Lord Vishnu’s tenth avatar in the Kaliyuga, Kalki will marry her. Lord Rama instructed her to meditate in a cave present in the Trikuta Mountains of Jammu. He instructed her to set up an Ashram at the base of the mountains. He also gave her a bow and an arrow, a lion and a small army of monkeys for her protection.
  • A devotee of  Mata Vaishnodevi, Sridhar organized a Bhandara (Community meal) in which the whole village and Mahayogi Guru GorakshNathJi along with all his followers including Bhairavnath were invited as it was wish of Mata Vaishnodevi to invite MahaYogi Guru GorakshNathJi. Guru Gorakshnath visited a Bhandara along with more 300 disciples including the Bhairavnath. Bhairavnath was amazed by seeing the power of divine mother. He wanted to test her powers. For this, he asked Shiv Avatari Guru GorakshnathJi for his permission. Guru Gorakshnath said I do not recommend but still if you wanted to test, go ahead. Guru Gorakshnath and his all disciples enjoyed the pure vaishnav food and went off from there. Mahayogi Guru Gorakshnath accepted hospitality by only Mata Vaishnodevi since he follows a pure real vaishnav path. Bhairavnath stayed off to test her powers he attempted to grab Mata Vaishnodevi but she tried her best to daunt him. On failing to do so, Mata Vaishnodevi decided to flee away into the mountains to continue her Tapasaya undisturbed. BhairavNath however chased her to her destination.
  • Vaishnavi halted at Charan Paduka, Banganga, and Adhkuwari, but she observed much to her distaste that Bhairon Nath followed her everywhere. Finally, she lost her patience and beheaded him outside the holy cave. The head of Bhairon Nath fell 1.5 km away and the site is known as the Bhairon Nath Temple today. His soul repented the incident and asked for forgiveness from the Goddess. The Goddess forgave him and granted him the wish that devotees should visit him to complete her pilgrimage.
  • The Goddess is believed to have then shed her human form and took the form of a rock to continue uninterrupted meditation.
  • The cave was then left to nature and was undiscovered until about 700 years ago. In a village named Hansali, near the Trikuta Mountains, lived a Brahmin Pandit named Shridhar. He was a staunch devotee of Goddess Shakti. Goddess Shakti was happy with his devotion and granted him a darshan in the form of a Kanya (young girl). He invited all the villagers to his humble hut for a Bhandara (a feast of food). However, the crowd that collected during the Bhandara was too much to accommodate inside his hut. He was also worried about the food availability for all his guests. Miraculously, the girl that gave him darshan appeared and created abundant food and space so as to fulfill everyone’s stomach.
  • After the Bhandara, Shridhar wanted to thank the girl but could not find her. Dejected, he spent several sleepless nights. Eventually, he was given a darshan by the Goddess in her dreams directing him to proceed towards the cave that was her abode. He followed the directions in his dreams and eventually discovered the cave. It is believed that the three Goddesses, Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Saraswati gave him darshan there.
  • The trek to the Bhawan begins at the Darshani Darwaza. It is believed that Mata Vaishno Devi met Pandit Sridhar in the form of a young child at the spot. One can also get a complete view of the Trikuta Mountain range from the Darwaza.
  • The legend of Banganga states that Goddess Vaishno Devi created the River from the tip of an arrow. Hence, the name “Ban” meaning Arrow in Hindi and Ganga signifying the holy River Ganga. It is believed that the Goddess was accompanied by a Langoor named Veer during her journey till the holy cave. At Banganga, the Langoor got thirsty. To quench his thirst, the Goddess created Banganga.
  • The legend associated with the Charan Paduka mentions that at this place, the Goddess stopped and turned back to check whether Bhairon Nath was following her or not. Her footprints got enshrined at the location and are worshiped reverently.
  • The Adhkuwari cave is believed to be the place where the Goddess Vaishno meditated and observed a penance dedicated to Lord Shiva for nine months. The cave that she meditated in was womb shaped and hence is also known as the Garbha Joon. During the meditation, she realized the presence of Bhairon Nath and created an exit route with a Trishul from the back of the cave. The cave and the Garbha Joon can be still visited by the pilgrims.

Significance of Vaishno Devi Temple

  • The shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi is popularly but controversially believed to be the most important Shakti Peetha of Goddess Sati. It is a belief that the skull or the head of the Goddess fell here after the Daksha Yagna episode. However, some also believe that the left arm of Goddess Sati fell here. To corroborate the beliefs, the remains of a human hand can still be found in the holy cave. This is known as “Varad Hast” meaning “The Hand that grants blessings”.
  • It is strongly believed and certified by most of the devotees visiting the shrine that they usually receive an inner spiritual call or pull from the Mata or the Goddess to visit the Vaishno Devi shrine. It is a belief that only the one who receives the call will receive her blessings. Once the call or desire is raised, nothing on Earth will impede the devotee from reaching Vaishno Devi Temple.
  • The three holy Pindies that are worshiped as manifestations of Goddess Shakti arise from a single rock at the base. However, they differ from each other in aspects of color and texture of the rock. The Pindi of Goddess Mahakali is black representing the unknown energy. Goddess Mahalakshmi’s Pindi exhibits golden yellow shade representing wealth, prosperity, and quality of life. The Pindi of Goddess Saraswati can be seen having a whitish tinge representing purity and wisdom of life.
  • Vaishno Devi Temple is the most visited pilgrimage site in the Northern half of India and is the second most visited shrine in the Tirumala Sri Venkateshwara Temple in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is a local belief that any devotee who passes through the Garbha Joon (Womb shaped cave at Adhkuwari) with pure devotion will get his or her wish fulfilled.
  • As per the Hindu tradition, there are four Purusharth or the objectives of a good human life – Dharm (righteousness or justice), Arth (Material pursuits), Kaam (Contentment) and Moksha (Enlightenment). It is believed that a devotee who undertakes the Vaishno Devi Temple pilgrimage attains all these four objectives and that no one goes back empty handed.

Vaishno Devi Temple Timings

  • Vaishno Devi Temple Temple remains open throughout the day and during the whole year. Devotees can get darshan of the Goddess anytime as soon as they reach the Vaishno Devi Temple premises.
  • For pilgrims who choose to walk to the shrine, one must obtain a “Yatra Parchi” or a “Travel Slip” at the Yatra Registration Counter near the Katra Bus Stand. The slip is subject to regular checks throughout the trek and failure to produce it during the checks will result in discontinuation of the trek. The Yatra Parchi can be booked online as well by visiting the website
  • After validation of the Travel Slip at the Bhawan, the devotees would be given a group number. This number will signify the duration the devotee has to wait to get a darshan and the sequence of his darshan.

Dress Code in Vaishno Devi Temple

  • The Bhawan or the Holy Cave is situated 13 km from Katra at an altitude of 5200 meters. The minimum temperature of this region varies from -2 to 15 degree Celsius throughout the year. As a result, the region remains cool and chilly during the whole year. It is advised that devotees should be dressed warmly. Jackets, scarves, socks, and shawls are a must. If traveling with children or aged persons, special care should be taken regarding their winter tolerance.
  • During the months of December-January, it snows in the higher reaches of the mountains. Hence, blankets and proper shoes are highly recommended.
  • Raincoats are also advised especially during the monsoons and the winters. Walking sticks will be helpful for the occasional steep climb. These sticks will also be available in the shops lining the walking track.

Festivals celebrated at Vaishno Devi Temple

  • Navaratri – The festival dedicated to the worship of the supreme Mother Goddess Shakti is celebrated at the Bhawan with great excitement and religious fervor. The festival is celebrated for nine days. The first three days are dedicated to Durga or Kali who signifies the destruction of evil. The next three days are dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity. The last three days are dedicated to the Goddess of wisdom, Saraswati. The whole town of Katra is cleaned and decorated for the celebrations. The main Vaishno Devi Complex and surrounding temples are lit up with hundreds of lights. The Shobha Yatra of the Goddess is held during these nine days. Several cultural events like devotional singing competitions are held. The priests also conduct religious discourses throughout the nine days.
  • Besides Navaratri, Deepavali, Ram Navami, and Mahashivaratri are also celebrated with great reverence.

Poojas and Rituals at Vaishno Devi Temple

  • The Morning and the Evening Aarti – The Aarti dedicated to the Goddess is performed twice a day. The rituals are similar and are performed once just before sunrise and once immediately after the sunset. The whole process can take up to two hours to complete. Each Aarti is performed once inside the main shrine or the sanctum and then outside the cave where devotees gather to witness the divine procedure. The Pooja starts with an “Atma Pooja” meaning self-cleansing by the priests. The Goddess is then bathed with water, ghee, milk, honey and sugar. Among the several chants and shlokas, the Goddess is then dressed in a saree, chola and chuni. She is then adorned with several ornaments like bangles and sindoor (kumkum). The Naivedyam is then offered to the Goddess. The Aarti is then brought outside the cave where all the other Gods and Goddesses are worshiped.
  • Individual Pooja – The Havan dedicated to the Goddess is conducted in the “Yagyashaala” at the main Bhawan. The devotees who desire to participate in the Yagna should report before 8 AM at Room number 8. The Pooja service should be booked online in advance. Alternatively, online booking can also be done by devotees who will be unable to attend the Pooja by themselves.
  • Shraddha Suman Vishesh Pooja – This Pooja allows the devotee to attend the Aarti Darshan of the Goddess. There are four categories of booking which the devotees can choose depending upon the requirement. The categories differ in the number of devotees allowed to view the Aarti, ranging from one to five

How to reach Katra

  • By Air – The nearest Airport is the Jammu domestic airport. Several private airlines and Air India operated regular flights to Jammu from major cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, and Chennai.
  • By Train – The Katra railway station has been opened to handle the pilgrim rush in 2014. The station is named as Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra with the IRCTC code as SVDK. The station is connected by trains that connect several important cities in the country like New Delhi, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Pathankot, Jalandhar, Mangalore, and Kalka.
  • By Road – Katra is located at a distance of 50 km from Jammu city. Several luxury bus operators run regular buses between Jammu and Katra. Private taxi facilities are also available for the devotees at a reasonable cost. These can be hired outside the Jammu Railway Station or the Airport.
  • The trek to the Vaishno Devi shrine begins at the Banganga Checkpost in Katra. The journey distance is 13 km to the Bhawan at the top. This journey can be covered by foot, on horses, on palki (palanquin) and in a helicopter.
  • The helicopter services should be preferable booked 60 days in advance. The booking can also be made at the Jagjivan Ghat near the Katra Bus Stand. However, the services are limited and subject to cancelation due to climatic changes. It is advised to book the tickets online as they are subject to easy cancelation.

Where to stay

  • The Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board overlooks the operation of several guest houses and Dhams located in Jammu, Katra, Adkuwari, Sanjichhat and Bhawan. Clean and well-maintained rooms can be booked online by visiting the official website of the Board. There are 3 Dhams operated by the Board in Jammu named Vaishnavi Dham, Saraswati Dham, and the Kalika Dham. Four options namely Niharika, Shakti Bhawan, Trikuta Bhawan and the Aashirwad Bhawan can be booked at Katra. The Main Bhawan provides options like double bedded rooms as well as dormitories. The booking should be made at least 60 days in advance and are non-refundable.
  • Besides these options, several halls have been constructed that allow pilgrims to take rest before proceeding for darshan. Blankets and medical aid are provided.

Where to eat

  • The Temple administration provides Bhojanalaya services at the Main Bhawan as well as the Manokamana Bhawan Complex. The Bhojanalaya services are on no profit basis and hence cheap and affordable. The food is pure vegetarian and is hygienically prepared. Besides traditional food, mineral water, hot and cold beverages as well as milk is provided to all the pilgrims at a fixed and nominal price.
  • Smoking, drinking and non-vegetarian food is not allowed during the trek.

Nearby Temples

  • Bhairon Nath Temple – The Temple is located 2 km away from the Main Bhawan that houses the holy cave. The Temple is dedicated to Bhairon Nath. Legend has it that after the beheading of Bhairon Nath by Mata Vaishno Devi, his head fell at this spot. His soul felt repentant and asked for forgiveness from the Goddess. Appeased by the prayers, the Goddess granted him the wish that her pilgrimage will be completed by visiting his temple.
  • Raghunath Temple – The famous Temple is one of the largest Temple Complexes in India. The Temple consists of seven individual shrines each with its own Shikhara or Tower. The Temple was constructed in 1860 by Maharaja Gulab Singh and is dedicated to Lord Rama. The Temple also houses hundreds of Saligramas dedicated to Lord Shiva. Several paintings depicting scenes from the Mahabharata, Ramayana, and Bhagavad Gita can be seen adorning the walls of the Temple.
  • Ranbireshwar Temple – The Temple is believed to host the biggest Linga of Lord Shiva. The Linga measures 8 feet in height and is constructed out of black shining stone. One can also view twelve Shiva Lingas made of crystal enshrined in this temple. Statues of Lord Ganesha, Lord Karthikeya, and Nandi are also worshiped in the Temple premises.
Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple

Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple

Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple – Symbolising Marital and Family Harmony

Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple is an ancient temple dedicated to Goddess Shakti located in Kateel, Karnataka. The Temple is situated on an islet formed naturally in the middle of the River Nandini. The town of Kateel lies 29 m from Mangalore city center and is considered as one of the holiest temple towns in India. The town of Kateel gets its name from the words ‘Kati’meaning “the middle or the ‘center’ and ‘La’ meaning ‘the place’. Thus, the word Kateela means “The place in the center” referring to the center of the River Nandini which originates in the Kanakachala mountain and flows till Pravanje where it integrates into the sea.

The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple administration is also dedicated to charity as it provides free Annadanam and other aids free of cost to the weaker sections of the society. The Temple runs five educational institutions (a primary school, a high school, a junior college, a first-grade college and the Center for Post-Graduate Studies and Research in Sanskrit) free of cost for the poorer sections of the society.

The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple architecture resembles the Kerala style of construction. Apart from the deity Goddess Durga Parameshwari, one can also visit several smaller shrines inside the Temple Complex. After entering the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple from the main entrance, a huge rock can be seen just before entering the bridge. This is the Raktheshwari form of the Goddess from where she came out as a Bee to kill the demon Arunasura. The rock is worshiped three times a day and devotees offer tender coconuts to the rock as a symbol of their affection for the Goddess. The Temple also has shrines dedicated to Mahaganapathi, Shasthara (Lord Ayyapa), Kshethrapalaka, Nagasannidhi, Goddess Chamundi and to Lord Brahma.

Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple

History and Legend

  • The legend behind the origin of the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple is an interesting read. The source material is mentioned in sources like Markandeya Purana, in the Sahyadrikanda of the Skanda Purana, Sri Nirjararanya Mahatmayam and in Devi Bhagavatha Mahatmayam.
  • The legend begins with the battle between Goddess Shakti and demons Shumbha and Nishumbha. Both were eventually killed in the battle. However, Arunasura, their minister fled the battle and gathered all the remaining demons. He became their king and started disturbing the sages and munis by disturbing the Yagnas. The Gods learned of this and stopped the rains which left Earth barren and deserted. The people starved and started ill practices like looting, cannibalism, and killing of animals. Seeing the situation worsening, Maharishi Jabali visited Lord Brahma and requested him to send Kamadhenu (a holy cow) for completing a ritual to appease God. Lord Brahma replied that since Kamadhenu was unavailable, Nandini her daughter would come for the ritual. However, Nandini refused and insulted the Maharishi again and again. The Maharishi became angry and cursed her that she will flow as a river on the Earth’s surface. Nandini was mortified and prayed to Sri Adi Parashakti. The Goddess said that she could not lift the curse, but she will take birth from Nandini and relieve her from the curse in due course of time. Satisfied, Nandini descended on Earth and started flowing from the Kanakachala mountain, through the hermitage of Maharishi Jabali and finally ended her journey at Pravanje where she joined the sea.
  • Meanwhile, Arunasura started strict penance and obtained a boon from Lord Brahma. He wished that he will not be killed by any God, demon, reptile, Yaksha, Gandharva, Kinnara, Kimpurusha, Siddha, Sadhya, Vidhyadhara, man, woman, by any weapons or by animals on two and four feet. Lord Brahma granted him the boon. He asked for a boon from Goddess Saraswati who blessed him by saying that as long as he chants the Gayathri Mantra  every day, Death will not touch him.
  • Boosted by the boons, he created a huge army and started terrorizing people. He even defeated Indra and subjugated him. Lord Indra went to the trinity for help. Lord Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva requested the help of the Supreme Mother Sri Adi Parashakti. She agreed to help but said that Arunasura had to be converted into an atheist so that he stops chanting the Gayathri Mantra daily.
  • Brihaspathi, disguised as a Brahmin met Arunasura and after a long debate, convinced him of the futility of his belief in reciting the Gayathri Mantra. He convinced Arunasura that he was the supreme being and should be worshiped above all Gods and Goddesses. Arunasura eventually became a tyrant.
  • Sri Adi Parashakti disguised herself as a beautiful and seductive Mohini and appeared in the gardens of Arunasura’s kingdom. He was informed by his ministers of the beautiful damsel in the Gardens. Arunasura reached the garden and was captivated by her beauty. He proposed her but she refused. After trying to persuade her repeatedly, she went inside a rock. Arunasura broke the rock and out came a swarm of bees that stung him all over the body. The Goddess took the form of a big and furious bee named “Bhramara” and repeatedly attacked him until he died. Maharishi Jabali along with other Gods offered the furious form of the Goddess with tender coconut from the Kalpavruksha of heaven and calmed her down. Maharishi Jabali, Indra, Nandini and other Gods requested her to make the place as her abode.
  • Sri Adi Parashakti appeared as a Linga in the middle of the River Nandini. The River splits into two at the point of the Linga’s appearance and then rejoins later to join the sea.

Significance of the Temple

  • The Linga of the main deity, Goddess Durga Parameshwari is an Udbhavalinga meaning that it is self-manifested and not installed by anyone. The Linga is the decorated in the form of Goddess Ambika, a form of Durga who symbolises marital and family harmony.
  • The Goddess is bathed with tender coconut water as it is believed that it is her favorite drink. No one drinks Tender coconut water in the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple without offering it to the Goddess first. As per the legend, the Goddess appeared as the dancer Mohini in Arunasura’s garden. Hence, the Yakshagana dance is performed for her by the devotees on every special day throughout the year.
  • The Sanctum of the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple is perpetually wet and the Kumkum offered to the devotees is always wet. It is believed that River Nandini blesses the devotees in this way. The Temple is primarily visited by devotees to settle family and property disputes as well as to relieve themselves from heat-related diseases and infections.
  • The Annadanam is performed in the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple twice daily. Thousands of pilgrims are fed daily in the huge kitchen that is well equipped with all the modern amenities. During the Mesha Sankranama, the Balimoorthi or the Utsava Moorthi is worshiped in the Annadanam hall in front of heaps of rice and coconut. The rice is then distributed as the Prasadam to all the devotees having darshan that day.
  • The Kateel Mela is a unique and popular feature attributed to the Temple. The tradition began in the mid-19th century and continues till date. The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple currently has five troupes of Yakshagaana artists who perform the art and drama of the Yakshagaana for the devotees. The devotees genuinely believe that Goddess Durga reveals a part of herself during the performance.
  • The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple provides a large number of special services named as “Prayschitha Seva” that can be performed at the Temple premises. These Sevas are Chandika Yagna, Tender coconut Abhishekam, Trikala Pooja, Griha Shanti (akin to the Navagraha Pooja), Durga Homam, Mrityunjaya Homam, Siver Chariot festival and the Golden Palanquin festival.
  • The Theerthasnana or bathing in the Theertha (holy water) in the Temple is considered as extremely sacred. It is believed that one can redeem himself from his sins and fight misfortune in his life after taking a Snana or bath with the holy water. For the Theerthasnana, the Temple administration makes special provisions for the devotee and has to be informed in advance.
  • The Golden Chariot housed at the Temple Complex is the biggest Gold Chariot in Karnataka. The value of the chariot can be estimated at Rupees four billion.

Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple Timings

  • The Temple opens at 4 AM and closes at 10 PM every day.
  • The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple remains open until midnight on special occasions like Navarathri and other important festival days.
  • The cleaning and sanctification of the Temple start at 4 AM. The main Sanctum is opened after the Abhishekam at 6 AM to the devotees.
  • The morning Abhishekam and Poojas to the Udbhava Linga and the Mollabimba begin at 6:30 AM.
  • The Mahapooja takes place at 12:30 PM in the afternoon.
  • The Pradosha Pooja or the evening Pooja is performed at 7 PM followed by Sevas offered by the devotees. The Mahapooja is then performed at 7:30 PM.
  • The Rangapooja takes place at 8:30 PM followed by the closing of the Temple at 10 PM.
  • The Temple provides free lunch and dinner to all the visiting pilgrims. The Timings are 12:30 PM to 3 PM and 8:30 PM to 10 PM.

Dress Code

The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple administration does not impose any strict dress code but it is recommended to wear decent clothes to the Temple.  Shorts, Bathing wear, and miniskirts are not allowed inside the Temple. Any material made of animal skin is not allowed inside the temple premises.

Festivals celebrated at the Temple

  • Annual festival – The grand Temple festival begins on the day before the Mesha Sankranama (Solar New Year). The gateway and the entrances to the Temple are decorated and Ankura Pooja is performed for the deity. On the day of Mesha Sankranama, the temple flag is hoisted called as Dhvajarohana. After the mid-day Pooja of the day, the Palla Pooja is performed. In this Pooja, heaps of rice and coconuts are kept in front of the deity and worshiped. The rice is then distributed to the devotees as Prasadam. In the evening, the Ashtavadana is performed for the deity. This ritual is performed to acknowledge that Sri Adi Parashakti is the ultimate embodiment of knowledge itself.
  • The evening Bali or the cart is taken out daily for eight days in the evening at 7:30 PM. In the evening of Mesha Sankranama, the new almanac along with rice, coconut, a mirror and new ornaments are kept in front of the Goddess and worshiped to receive blessings for the New Year. On the third and the sixth day, the deity is worshiped in a chariot named Chandramandala and is taken around to a place called Jalakadakatte and back.
  • On the fifth day, the Goddess is worshiped in a silver chariot that is drawn around the streets by hundreds of devotees. On the seventh day, the grand Rathotsava takes place. The Goddess is worshiped in the big chariot named as the Brahma Ratha. The Ratha Hoovina Pooja (Pooja by offering flowers) is performed amidst beating of the drums and other musical instruments. The Yakshagana artists take part in the festival too. The deity returns to the Temple and a Mahapooja is performed. The Prasadam is distributed followed by the night Pooja signaling the end of the rituals.
  • The last day of the festival begins with the Shodashopachara Pooja followed by the Thulabhara Seva. In the evening, the idol is taken to Yekkaru, 2 km away in the Brahma Ratha. The deity is then transferred to the smaller Chandra Ratha and then the ritual immersion of the deity is carried out in River Nandini. On returning to the temple, the Agni-Keli is held. It is a sport in which two opposing teams throw burning torches at each other. Fireworks show is also held late into the night.
  • Vasanthotsava – The festival marks the beginning of the spring. Special Poojas and rituals are followed for the Goddess at the Vasantha Mandap of the Temple. Lots of flowers, fruits and vegetables are offered to the Goddess first and then later distributed to the devotees as Prasadam.
  • Hattanadhi Pattanaje – The Yakshagana troupes end their tour on the tenth day of the Vrishabha month which usually falls in May. Six podiums are set up on the Ratha street where they perform for the last time for the year after which they stop for the year.
  • Sri Krishna Janmashtami – The Temple celebrated the birth of Lord Krishna in a grand manner. The Mosarakudde ( an earthen pot filled with buttermilk is hung on top between two poles) ritual is celebrated amidst great fanfare followed by a Yakshagana performance in the evening.
  • Kadiru Habba or Navanna – This unique celebration in the month of Bhadrapada or August – September signifies the good health and prosperity. On this day, a bunch of spikes of corn is taken to the temple and sanctified in the presence of the Goddess. The devotees then take them to their homes where they hang these spikes in front of their homes and granaries. The Temple provides a feast to the devotees in the evening.
  • Navarathri – The grand festival dedicated to the Goddess is celebrated for nine days followed by Vijayadasami on the tenth day. The Chandika Homam and the Ranga Poojas are conducted on all nine days of Navarathri. On the fifth day, Lalitha Panchami is celebrated with Chandika Homam in the afternoon and the Suvasini Pooja in the evening. The Goddess is offered with Kadabu (a local delicacy) followed by the Rangapooja. Several cultural programs, classical music, and dance programs are held dedicated to the Goddess.
  • Magha Pournami – The auspicious day is celebrated on the full-moon day in the month of Magha or January – February. The day signifies the descent of River Nandini to Earth to relieve the severe drought conditions and sufferings of the human race. The Goddess on this day is offered Milk Payasam or Kheer and a performance by the Yakshaganas in the evening concludes the celebration.

Besides the above festivals, several other important days are observed by the Temple administration like Rashi Pooja, Dhanu Pooja, Bhajana Mangalothsava, Deepothsava, Thulasi Pooja, Deepavali, Naraka Chaturdashi, Ganesh Chaturthi, Sowra Upakarna, Simha Sankranama and Naga Panchami.

Poojas and Rituals

  • Thrimadhura Naivedyam – The Goddess is offered Sugar, Honey, and Butter as Bhog or Naivedyam for the day on behalf of the devotee.
  • Panchamrutha Abhisheka – The deity is bathed with five holy “Amrit” or Nectar. They are Milk, Honey, Curd, Sugar, and Ghee.
  • Ranga Pooja – The Goddess is worshiped with either 24 rows of Deepams or with 64 rows of Deepams on behalf of the devotee.
  • Aksharabhyasa – The couples with children of age 2 – 5 can perform the Seva as a start to the education of their children. The performing of this ritual is special because the presiding deity Sri Durga Parameshwari is the Goddess of intelligence and knowledge.
  • Sathyanarayana Pooja – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The Pooja can be performed on any day but is believed to be extremely auspicious if performed on the eve of Chithra Pournami. The Pooja is performed to attain peace, prosperity, to remove obstacles and to be free from the negative thoughts. The Pooja usually begins with Ganapathi Pooja and then the Navagraha Pooja.
  • Chandika Yagna – The Chandika Homam requires the presence of 7 priests. They chant the 700 verses and hymns from the Devi Mahatmayam. Offerings of the Payasam (sweet pudding or Kheer) are made to Agni during the chantings.
  • Tulabhara Seva – This Seva includes the devotee sitting on one side of the Tula or the weighing balance. On the other side, offerings are arranged until the weight of the devotee and the offerings balance themselves. The offerings are then donated to the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple.
  • Annadana – The Maha Annadana Seva can be performed by the devotees. The food or the Prasadam will be worshiped and distributed to all the visiting devotees for the day on behalf of the prescribing devotee.
  • Trikala Pooja – The Seva includes performing three Poojas in a day, one each at dawn, noon and dusk.
  • Mrityunjaya Homam – This Pooja is done to increase longevity and immortality of the person. The devotee asks for forgiveness from Lord Shiva and asks for a long healthy and prosperous life.
  • The Kateela Yakshagana Mela – The Kateela Mela is a Seva in which troupe of artists performs the Yakshagana drama with music and dance for the devotees. It is believed that the Seva pleases the Goddess as she loves art, music and dance. Currently, the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple operates five different troupes of artists who perform at night as per devotee’s wish. The themes of the dramas or the dances are Puranic in nature and enlighten one about the origins of Indian culture and traditions. The booking of this Seva should be made well in advance as the demand for the performances remains high throughout the year.

How to reach Kateel: Road, Rail and Air

  • By Air – The nearest airport is the Bajpe International Airport in the city of Mangalore which is just 16 km away. Mangalore is well connected to several major cities and towns of the country. Regular flights are available from New Delhi, Mumbai, Goa, Chennai, and Bengaluru.
  • By Train – The nearest railway station is Mulki which is 11 km away from Kateel. It is connected to Bengaluru, Mandya, Mysore, Hassan, Subrahmanya, Surathkal, Mookambika, Murudeshwar, Honnavar, Karwar, Gokarna, Thane and Mangalore. The other important stations nearby are Surathkal (18 km) and Mangalore (28 km). Mangalore Junction is connected to several cities of the country.
  • By Road – The town can be approached on NH17. Regular buses are operated by both the Government as well as the private operators from Mangalore, Bengaluru, Mysore and several other pilgrim towns in Karnataka.

Where to stay

The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple administration has constructed three lodges to accommodate the devotees. These lodges provide the basic facilities like AC, Parking facilities and 24 hours power supply. The names of the lodges are Nandini Lodge, Bhramari Lodge, and Durgaprasad Lodge.

Apart from the staying options provided by the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple, several private lodges are available for booking. Some of the popular ones are Laxminarayana Mandira and the Gopalkrishna Sabha Bhavana.

Where to eat

The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple administration provides free meals every day to all the visiting devotees at 12:30 PM and 8:30 PM. Apart from the Annadana, there are a few small hotels located near the Temple complex that serves good quality food. A variety of cuisines ranging from simple South Indian, North Indian, Chinese and Italian are served at the Hotels here.

Nearby Temples

  • Kudupu Sri Anantha Padmanabha Temple – The Temple is located just 22 km away from the town of Kateel. The presiding deities of the Temple are Lord Anantha (Lord Shiva) and Lord Padmanabha (Lord Vishnu). The Temple is well known for Serpent worship. The deity Sri Anantha Padmanabha faces west. The Temple complex also consists of a Naga Bana (place for serpent worship) and several smaller shrines dedicated to Jarandaya, Goddess Shree Devi, Lord Subrahmanya and Lord Ganapathi.
  • Sri Udupi Krishna Temple – The unique Temple of Sri Krishna in a Bal Avatar is situated at a distance of 25 km from Kateel. The idol of Sri Krishna is represented as a child holding a churning rod in one hand and a rope on the other. This form of Krishna cannot be seen anywhere else in the world. The idol is believed to be made in Dwarka during Sri Krishna’s reign by his wife Rukmini.
  • Sri Raja Rajeshwari Temple, Polali – The ancient temple that dates back to the 8th century is situated in a town called Polali, 23 km away from Kateel. The unique feature of the Temple is that the idol of the presiding deity Sri Raja Rajeshwari is 10 feet tall and is fully molded in clay. The River Phalguni flows besides the Temple. The Temple has rich history and significance and is mentioned in various scriptures like the Markandeya Purana and the Ashoka inscriptions.
  • Nelliteertha Temple – The Temple is also called as the Nelliteertha Cave Temple and is located 20 km away from Kateel. The Temple dates back to 1487 AD. The presiding deity of the Temple is Lord Somanatheshwara, a form of Lord Shiva. It is believed that this is the cave where Maharishi Jabali performed strict penance to appease Goddess Adi Parashakti to annihilate the demon Arunasura.The Temples of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Durga are situated nearby to honor them for annihilating the demon.
  • Besides these Temples, the city of Mangalore is just 27 kms away. Several religious centers and historic temples are home to the city. Some of them are Sri Mangaladevi Temple, Sri Kadri Manjunatha Temple, Sri Gokarnanatheshwara Temple, and the Sri Sharavu Managanapathi Temple.

Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore

Sri Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore – Goddess of Mangalore

The Temple of Sri Mangaladevi, dedicated to Goddess Shakti is situated in the coastal city of Mangalore in Karnataka. The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore is situated in a locality called Bolara in the heart of the city. The sanctity of the Temple can be certified by the fact that the city itself was named as Mangalapura and eventually came to be known as Mangalore or Mangaluru. The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore attracts devotees in large numbers from Karnataka and nearby states of Kerala and Tamilnadu.

The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore architecture resembles Kerala style of construction. Huge stones were used to build the walls of the Temple. Intricate carvings can be found on the inner walls of the Mandapam. The Gopuram is a two storied structure. The area enclosed by the rectangular walls around the Temple is called Kshetra – Madiluka. All the shrines are located inside this Kshetra. The Dhwajasthambam is located directly in front of the main entrance. A Deepasthamba is located inside the temple complex with figures of the eight Dwarapalikas engraved around it. The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore is well maintained and a clean complex with all the modern facilities available to the pilgrims.

mangaladevi temple mangalore

Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore

History and Legend

  • The origins of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore are contested as there are two different versions. Some believe that the Temple was built by the 9th century Ahepa King Kundavarman while others believe that Kundavarman just discovered a pre-existing temple and extended the shrine by building several additions. Some people believe that the Temple was built by the Ballal family of Attavar to commemorate a fallen Malabar princess.
  • As per written evidence in the Sthalapurana, the origin of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore can be traced back to a demon named Vikhasini who was Hiranyakashyapu’s daughter. She waged a war against the Devaloka and Lord Indra. Though the demon army was strong, Indra defeated them in a fiercely fought battle. Vikhasini’s ambition of commanding the Devaloka was shattered and she realized that she needed God’s grace to enhance her powers. She wanted a son with the Gods who would be highly powerful and competent enough to avenge Lord Vishnu and destroy him as a revenge for Vikhasini’s father’s death. She performed severe penance and gained the attention of Lord Brahma. He asked her to wish for a boon. She wished for a son who would slay Lord Vishnu. Lord Brahma refused stating that the holy trinity is immortal. However, he said that she will attain a son from Lord Shiva who will be brave and invincible.
  • Narada and Lord Brahma visited Kailash and warned Lord Shiva of the future developments. Lord Shiva along with Parvati, Lord Brahma, Narada and Goddess Saraswati went to Vaikuntam and expressed their anger in front of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu however, assuaged them by saying that everything will be rectified when the time comes.
  • Vikhasini disguised herself as Goddess Parvati and lured Lord Shiva into submission. After the act, she left for her kingdom and during the journey; she feared that the Devatas will harm her son. She asked Bhoodevi (Goddess Earth) and with her permission, buried her fetus inside the Earth. Eventually, as time passed, a great demon was born and was named Andasura by Vikhasini. She told Andasura about the fate of Hiranyakashyapa and asked him to seek revenge by killing Lord Vishnu. He attacked the Devaloka and destroyed anything that came in his path. The holy trinity gathered and asked the Supreme mother, Adi Parashakti for help. She agreed to help her children and asked them for their weapons. Lord Brahma gave his Danda, Lord Vishnu gave his Chakra and Lord Shiva gave his Trident to Goddess Adi Parashakti. She merged Lord Shiva’s power of destruction with her and acquired his third eye.
  • Meanwhile, Andasura roamed through the Devaloka in search of Lord Vishnu. He was directed by Narada to a place where Goddess Parashakti, disguised as a beautiful and captivating maiden was waiting for him. Seeing her, the demon came close to her and misbehaved. At an opportunistic moment, Goddess Adi Parashakti slayed him with the trident.
  • She addressed his children from the spot that in the Treta Yuga, “Lord Vishnu will incarnate as Bhargavarama (Parashurama) and slay the 21 generations of evil Kshatriyas. He will retrieve land from Lord Varuna and the spot where he will do penance will be where I killed Andasura. He will build a shrine with a Linga and a Dharapatra”.
  • After several centuries, the legend continues through Veerabahu, the king of Tulunadu. He did not have any son so he made Bangaraja as his successor. Bangaraja ruled his kingdom well and brought immense prosperity to the region. Goddess Mangaladevi appeared in his dreams and informed him that the shrine’s remains can be found under a mound where the Nethravati and the Phalguni rivers intersect.
  • Bangaraja along with Saint Bharadhwaja rediscovered the shrine and constructed a small temple around it. However, nature took its course and the temple was lost amidst thick vegetation of the surrounding forests.
  • In the 10th century, the legendary stories related to the place were bought to the attention of King Kundavarma by two saints Machendranatha and Gorakhanatha from Nepal. Realizing the importance of the place, he cleared the path for the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore, retrieved the shrine and constructed a grand temple and the nearby premises.

Significance of the Temple

  • The deity of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore is a figure of the Goddess holding a Dharapatra and a Linga. The Linga symbolizes the destructive power of both Lord Shiva and Goddess Shakti. It is believed that the main shrine is as old as the Treta Yuga.
  • It is believed that worshiping Goddess Mangaladevi will grant you success and prosperity in any new ventures and will protect one against evil influences.
  • The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore antiquity and historical importance resulted in the naming of the place itself as Mangalapura. In present times, the city of Mangalore is named after the Goddess and she is considered as the Goddess of Mangalapura or Mangalore.
  • Mangaladhara Vrata is a unique ritualistic fast observed by the devotees of Goddess Mangaladevi. This Vrata is kept by maidens to find a suitable match for marriage for them. This Vrata is also called as Swayamvara Parvathi.

Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore Timings

  • The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore opens at 6 AM and closes at 8:30 PM except on Fridays when it closes at 9 PM.
  • The Morning Pooja is performed at 6 AM, Afternoon Pooja at 1 PM and the Evening Pooja at 8:30 PM.
  • The Temple is closed for darshan in the afternoon between 1 PM to 4 PM.
  • The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore remains closed during the Lunar Eclipse and the solar eclipse.

Dress code

The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore administration has not imposed any strict dress code. However, it is recommended to wear decent clothes in the Temple premises. Shorts, miniskirts, and beachwear are to be avoided.

Festivals celebrated at the Temple

  • Navarathri – A large number of devotees visit the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore from Karnataka and surrounding states to witness and receive the blessings of the Goddess. The Navarathri festival is celebrated in a grand manner for 9 days ending with Vijayadasami on the tenth day. The Lalita Panchami, Mahanavami Rathotsava, and Vijayadasami Vidyarambha are the special days observed during the Navarathri period. The Chandika Homam, Ranga Pooja, and Rathotsava are the special Poojas performed for the Goddess n Navami. The practice of Vidyarambha meaning the “initiation of knowledge” for kids takes place on the Vijayadasami. The Sathyanarayana Pooja and the Avabrutha Mangal Snaan takes place on the two days after Vijayadasami. The Ayudha Pooja is celebrated on the eighth day of the festival when all the weapons of the Goddess are worshiped.
  • Laksha Deepothsava – The festival is celebrated in the month of Karthik that usually falls in November – December. Around one lakh lamps (Laksha Deepams) are lit in honor of the Goddess and the whole Temple is decorated with it. Several cultural and religious programs are held throughout the day.
  • Annual Temple Festival – The annual festival of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore begins in the month of March. The Goddess is worshiped by performing several Poojas and Abhishekams by the devotees. The Utsava Moorthy or the idol is taken around the Temple premises in different vehicles or Vahanas and is worshiped by thousands of devotees who attend the festival.

Besides these festivals, Ugadi, Mahashivaratri, and Ganesh Chaturthi are also celebrated in the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore.

Poojas and Rituals

Around 42 types of Poojas and Sevas can be performed by the devotee in the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore. Some of the following Poojas and Sevas that can be performed by the devotees to honor Goddess Mangaladevi are:

  • Devi Mahaatme Parayana – The priest recites the verses from the Devi Mahaatme, a set of hymns and shlokas describing the greatness of the Goddess.
  • Ashtotthara Archana – The 108 names of the Goddess are recited in front of the Goddess along with the offering of the Kumkum on behalf of the devotee.
  • Thrishathi Archana – The 300 names of the Goddess are recited in front of the Goddess on behalf of the devotee.
  • Pushpanjali Pooja – The Goddess is decorated with flowers and Shlokas are recited in praise of her by offering flowers one by one on behalf of the devotee.
  • Thrimadhura Naivedyam – The Goddess is offered Sugar, Honey, and Butter as Bhog or Naivedyam for the day on behalf of the devotee.
  • Panchamrutha Abhisheka – The deity is bathed with five holy “Amrit” or Nectar. They are Milk, Honey, Curd, Sugar, and Ghee.
  • Rudrabhishekam – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Shiva who is worshiped as fire or Rudra. The puja wipes out all sins and purifies the atmosphere. It also removes all sorts of planetary related ill-occurrences. The Mondays of the month, as well as the Pradosham days, are considered as ideal for performing the Pooja.
  • Ranga Pooja – The Goddess is worshiped with either 24 rows of Deepams or with 64 rows of Deepams on behalf of the devotee.
  • Naga Thambila – The deity Lord Subrahmanya, who is known as the “Protector of Snakes” is bathed with Panchamrit that is with milk, curd, ghee, honey and sugar.
  • Vidyarambha – The couples with children of age 2 – 5 can perform the Seva as a start to the education of their children. The performing of this ritual is special because the presiding deity Sri Mangaladevi is the Goddess of intelligence and knowledge.
  • Sathyanarayana Pooja – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The Pooja can be performed on any day but is believed to be extremely auspicious if performed on the eve of Chithra Pournami. The Pooja is performed to attain peace, prosperity, to remove obstacles and to be free from the negative thoughts. The Pooja usually begins with Ganapathi Pooja and then the Navagraha Pooja.
  • Chandika Yagna – The Chandika Homam requires the presence of 7 priests. They chant the 700 verses and hymns from the Devi Mahatmayam. Offerings of the Payasam (sweet pudding or Kheer) are made to Agni during the chantings.
  • Tulabhara Seva – This Seva includes the devotee sitting on one side of the Tula or the weighing balance. On the other side, offerings are arranged until the weight of the devotee and the offerings balance themselves. The offerings are then donated to the Temple.
  • Silver Palanquin Pooja – In this Pooja, the idol of the Goddess is taken around the Temple premises in a silver palanquin and worshiped amidst chants and hymns.
  • Vahana Pooja – The devotees can also do the Vahana Pooja, in which new vehicles are decorated and the Goddess is worshiped to bless the journeys in them.
  • Dodda Rathotsava – The Goddess is taken around the Temple Complex in the big Chariot or Ratha on behalf of the Temple. All the Poojas of a day are performed for the Goddess and the Prasadam is distributed to everyone.

Besides these Poojas, the Shashwatha Pooja is also performed on behalf of the devotee. All the Poojas of the day are performed on a particular day mentioned by the devotee every year. The wedding ceremonies can also be performed at the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore hall.

How to reach Mangalore: Road, Rail and Air

  • By Air – The city of Mangalore is connected to all the major cities of India as well as the surrounding countries due to the presence of the Bajpe International Airport. The Airport lies at a distance of 10 km from the city center.
  • By Train – There are two main stations in Mangalore – Mangalore Junction and Mangalore Central. Trains from almost all major cities either stop or terminate here. Mangalore is well connected to cities like New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Gandhinagar, Pune, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Vizag, Trivandrum and many more.
  • By Road – Mangalore is well connected by roads and highways. One can board buses from Bengaluru, Goa, Chennai, Karwar, Pune and Mysore.

Where to stay

A large number of private hotels are available for accommodating pilgrims and tourists alike. The rooms may range from standard to AC suites in five-star hotels. A large number of Government offices also operate guest houses in the city which can be booked by contacting them. Mangalore is a coastal city and offers beautiful beaches. Hence, resorts are abundant here.

Where to eat

The city of Mangalore is bustling with restaurants offering a wide variety of cuisines like Konkani, Seafood, Mughlai, North Indian, South Indian, Chinese, Italian and Thai. Several popular food joints are Hotel Narayana for Seafood, Hotel Guthu for authentic local cuisine and Chutneys for North Indian Vegetarian and Giri Manjas for Seafood.

Nearby Temples

  • Kadri Manjunath Temple – The Temple is about 4 km from the city center. The presiding deity of the Temple is Lord Manjunathaswamy, a form of Lord Shiva. The Temple is one of the most popular and sacred spots in Mangalore. The Temple dates back to 1068 AD. The idol of Lord Manjunathaswany is believed to be the oldest representation of Lord Shiva in South India.The hill behind the Temple is home to the Jogimutt and the Pandava caves.
  • Shri Sharavu Mahaganapathi Temple – The Temple dedicated to Lord Ganapathi dates back to 800 years and can be visited in the heart of the city. The Temple has been mentioned in several Puranas like the Sthalapurana. Sri Dashabhuja Mahaganapati, Sri Sharabeshwara, and Siddhi Lakshmi are the presiding deities of the Temple.The Temple’s legends are also associated with the legendary Tipu Sultan and his conquest of Karnataka.
  • Gokarnanatheshwara Temple – The Temple dedicated to Lord Gokarnanatheshwara, another form of Lord Shiva is situated at Kudroli, 5 km away from the city center. The Saint Sri Narayana Guru consecrated the Shiva Linga at the Temple in 1912. Several additions and renovations have been made recently. The Gopuram is 60 feet high and is decorated with beautiful divine sculptures depicting several Gods and Goddesses.
  • Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple – The famous and sacred shrine dedicated to Sri Durga Parameshwari is situated in Kateel, 26 km from Mangalore. The Temple is located on the banks of the River Nandini. Several legends are associated with the Temple, which is mentioned in the Puranas themselves. Devotees can also perform sevas like Annadanam, Vidyarambha, and Yakshagana in the Temple.
  • Kudupu Sri Anantha Padmanabha Temple – The Temple is located just 12 km away from the Mangalore city center. The presiding deities of the Temple are Lord Anantha (Lord Shiva) and Lord Padmanabha (Lord Vishnu). The Temple is well known for Serpent worship. The deity Sri Anantha Padmanabha faces west. The Temple complex also consists of a Naga Bana (place for serpent worship) and several smaller shrines dedicated to Jarandaya, Goddess Shree Devi, Lord Subrahmanya and Lord Ganapathi.