The Temple of Sri Mangaladevi, dedicated to Goddess Shakti is situated in the coastal city of Mangalore in Karnataka. The sanctity of the Temple can be certified by the fact that the city itself was named as Mangalapura and eventually came to be known as Mangalore or Mangaluru. The Mangaladevi Temple attracts devotees in large numbers from Karnataka and nearby states of Kerala and Tamilnadu.
The Mangaladevi Temple architecture resembles Kerala style of construction. Huge stones were used to build the walls of the Temple. Intricate carvings can be found on the inner walls of the Mandapam. The Gopuram is a two storied structure. The area enclosed by the rectangular walls around the Temple is called Kshetra – Madiluka. All the shrines are located inside this Kshetra.
The Dhwajasthambam is located directly in front of the main entrance. A Deepasthamba is located inside the temple complex with figures of the eight Dwarapalikas engraved around it. The Mangaladevi Temple is well maintained and a clean complex with all the modern facilities available to the pilgrims.
Mangaladevi Temple History
The origins of the Mangaladevi Temple are contested as there are two different versions. Some believe that the Temple was built by the 9th century Ahepa King Kundavarman while others believe that Kundavarman just discovered a pre-existing temple and extended the shrine by building several additions. Some people believe that the Temple was built by the Ballal family of Attavar to commemorate a fallen Malabar princess.
As per written evidence in the Sthalapurana, the origin of the Mangaladevi Temple can be traced back to a demon named Vikhasini who was Hiranyakashyapu’s daughter. She waged a war against the Devaloka and Lord Indra. Though the demon army was strong, Indra defeated them in a fiercely fought battle. Vikhasini’s ambition of commanding the Devaloka was shattered and she realized that she needed God’s grace to enhance her powers.
She wanted a son with the Gods who would be highly powerful and competent enough to avenge Lord Vishnu and destroy him as a revenge for Vikhasini’s father’s death. She performed severe penance and gained the attention of Lord Brahma. He asked her to wish for a boon. She wished for a son who would slay Lord Vishnu. Lord Brahma refused stating that the holy trinity is immortal. However, he said that she will attain a son from Lord Shiva who will be brave and invincible.
Narada and Lord Brahma visited Kailash and warned Lord Shiva of the future developments. Lord Shiva along with Parvati, Lord Brahma, Narada and Goddess Saraswati went to Vaikuntam and expressed their anger in front of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu however, assuaged them by saying that everything will be rectified when the time comes.
Vikhasini disguised herself as Goddess Parvati and lured Lord Shiva into submission. After the act, she left for her kingdom and during the journey; she feared that the Devatas will harm her son. She asked Bhoodevi (Goddess Earth) and with her permission, buried her fetus inside the Earth. Eventually, as time passed, a great demon was born and was named Andasura by Vikhasini. She told Andasura about the fate of Hiranyakashyapa and asked him to seek revenge by killing Lord Vishnu.
He attacked the Devaloka and destroyed anything that came in his path. The holy trinity gathered and asked the Supreme mother, Adi Parashakti for help. She agreed to help her children and asked them for their weapons. Lord Brahma gave his Danda, Lord Vishnu gave his Chakra and Lord Shiva gave his Trident to Goddess Adi Parashakti. She merged Lord Shiva’s power of destruction with her and acquired his third eye.
Meanwhile, Andasura roamed through the Devaloka in search of Lord Vishnu. He was directed by Narada to a place where Goddess Parashakti, disguised as a beautiful and captivating maiden was waiting for him. Seeing her, the demon came close to her and misbehaved. At an opportunistic moment, Goddess Adi Parashakti slayed him with the trident.
She addressed his children from the spot that in the Treta Yuga, “Lord Vishnu will incarnate as Bhargavarama (Parashurama) and slay the 21 generations of evil Kshatriyas. He will retrieve land from Lord Varuna and the spot where he will do penance will be where I killed Andasura. He will build a shrine with a Linga and a Dharapatra”.
After several centuries, the legend continues through Veerabahu, the king of Tulunadu. He did not have any son so he made Bangaraja as his successor. Bangaraja ruled his kingdom well and brought immense prosperity to the region. Goddess Mangaladevi appeared in his dreams and informed him that the shrine’s remains can be found under a mound where the Nethravati and the Phalguni rivers intersect.
Bangaraja along with Saint Bharadhwaja rediscovered the shrine and constructed a small temple around it. However, nature took its course and the temple was lost amidst thick vegetation of the surrounding forests.
In the 10th century, the legendary stories related to the place were bought to the attention of King Kundavarma by two saints Machendranatha and Gorakhanatha from Nepal. Realizing the importance of the place, he cleared the path for the Mangaladevi Temple, retrieved the shrine and constructed a grand temple and the nearby premises.
Significance of Mangaladevi Temple
The deity of the Mangaladevi Temple is a figure of the Goddess holding a Dharapatra and a Linga. The Linga symbolizes the destructive power of both Lord Shiva and Goddess Shakti. It is believed that the main shrine is as old as the Treta Yuga.
It is believed that worshiping Goddess Mangaladevi will grant you success and prosperity in any new ventures and will protect one against evil influences.
The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore antiquity and historical importance resulted in the naming of the place itself as Mangalapura. In present times, the city of Mangalore is named after the Goddess and she is considered as the Goddess of Mangalapura or Mangalore.
Mangaladhara Vrata is a unique ritualistic fast observed by the devotees of Goddess Mangaladevi. This Vrata is kept by maidens to find a suitable match for marriage for them. This Vrata is also called as Swayamvara Parvathi.
Mangaladevi Temple Timings
- Mangaladevi Temple opens at 6 AM and closes at 8:30 PM.
- The Morning Pooja is performed at 6 AM, Afternoon Pooja at 1 PM and the Evening Pooja at 8:30 PM.
- The Temple is closed for darshan in the afternoon between 1 PM to 4 PM.
- The Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore remains closed during the Lunar Eclipse and the solar eclipse.
The Mangaladevi Temple administration has not imposed any strict dress code. However, it is recommended to wear decent clothes in the Temple premises. Shorts, miniskirts, and beachwear are to be avoided.
Festivals celebrated at Mangaladevi Temple
- Navarathri – A large number of devotees visit the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore from Karnataka and surrounding states to witness and receive the blessings of the Goddess. The Navarathri festival is celebrated in a grand manner for 9 days ending with Vijayadasami on the tenth day. The Lalita Panchami, Mahanavami Rathotsava, and Vijayadasami Vidyarambha are the special days observed during the Navarathri period. The Chandika Homam, Ranga Pooja, and Rathotsava are the special Poojas performed for the Goddess n Navami. The practice of Vidyarambha meaning the “initiation of knowledge” for kids takes place on the Vijayadasami. The Sathyanarayana Pooja and the Avabrutha Mangal Snaan takes place on the two days after Vijayadasami. The Ayudha Pooja is celebrated on the eighth day of the festival when all the weapons of the Goddess are worshiped.
- Laksha Deepothsava – The festival is celebrated in the month of Karthik that usually falls in November – December. Around one lakh lamps (Laksha Deepams) are lit in honor of the Goddess and the whole Temple is decorated with it. Several cultural and religious programs are held throughout the day.
- Annual Temple Festival – The annual festival of the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore begins in the month of March. The Goddess is worshiped by performing several Poojas and Abhishekams by the devotees. The Utsava Moorthy or the idol is taken around the Temple premises in different vehicles or Vahanas and is worshiped by thousands of devotees who attend the festival.
Besides these festivals, Ugadi, Mahashivaratri, and Ganesh Chaturthi are also celebrated in the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore.
Mangaladevi Temple Sevas and Poojas
Around 42 types of Poojas and Sevas can be performed by the devotee in the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore. Some of the following Poojas and Sevas that can be performed by the devotees to honor Goddess Mangaladevi are:
- Devi Mahaatme Parayana – The priest recites the verses from the Devi Mahaatme, a set of hymns and shlokas describing the greatness of the Goddess.
- Ashtotthara Archana – The 108 names of the Goddess are recited in front of the Goddess along with the offering of the Kumkum on behalf of the devotee.
- Thrishathi Archana – The 300 names of the Goddess are recited in front of the Goddess on behalf of the devotee.
- Pushpanjali Pooja – The Goddess is decorated with flowers and Shlokas are recited in praise of her by offering flowers one by one on behalf of the devotee.
- Thrimadhura Naivedyam – The Goddess is offered Sugar, Honey, and Butter as Bhog or Naivedyam for the day on behalf of the devotee.
- Panchamrutha Abhisheka – The deity is bathed with five holy “Amrit” or Nectar. They are Milk, Honey, Curd, Sugar, and Ghee.
- Rudrabhishekam – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Shiva who is worshiped as fire or Rudra. The puja wipes out all sins and purifies the atmosphere. It also removes all sorts of planetary related ill-occurrences. The Mondays of the month, as well as the Pradosham days, are considered as ideal for performing the Pooja.
- Ranga Pooja – The Goddess is worshiped with either 24 rows of Deepams or with 64 rows of Deepams on behalf of the devotee.
- Naga Thambila – The deity Lord Subrahmanya, who is known as the “Protector of Snakes” is bathed with Panchamrit that is with milk, curd, ghee, honey and sugar.
- Vidyarambha – The couples with children of age 2 – 5 can perform the Seva as a start to the education of their children. The performing of this ritual is special because the presiding deity Sri Mangaladevi is the Goddess of intelligence and knowledge.
- Sathyanarayana Pooja – The Pooja is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The Pooja can be performed on any day but is believed to be extremely auspicious if performed on the eve of Chithra Pournami. The Pooja is performed to attain peace, prosperity, to remove obstacles and to be free from the negative thoughts. The Pooja usually begins with Ganapathi Pooja and then the Navagraha Pooja.
- Chandika Yagna – The Chandika Homam requires the presence of 7 priests. They chant the 700 verses and hymns from the Devi Mahatmayam. Offerings of the Payasam (sweet pudding or Kheer) are made to Agni during the chantings.
- Tulabhara Seva – This Seva includes the devotee sitting on one side of the Tula or the weighing balance. On the other side, offerings are arranged until the weight of the devotee and the offerings balance themselves. The offerings are then donated to the Temple.
- Silver Palanquin Pooja – In this Pooja, the idol of the Goddess is taken around the Temple premises in a silver palanquin and worshiped amidst chants and hymns.
- Vahana Pooja – The devotees can also do the Vahana Pooja, in which new vehicles are decorated and the Goddess is worshiped to bless the journeys in them.
- Dodda Rathotsava – The Goddess is taken around the Temple Complex in the big Chariot or Ratha on behalf of the Temple. All the Poojas of a day are performed for the Goddess and the Prasadam is distributed to everyone.
Besides these Poojas, the Shashwatha Pooja is also performed on behalf of the devotee. All the Poojas of the day are performed on a particular day mentioned by the devotee every year. The wedding ceremonies can also be performed at the Mangaladevi Temple Mangalore hall.
How to reach Mangaladevi Temple
- By Air – The city of Mangalore is connected to all the major cities of India as well as the surrounding countries due to the presence of the Bajpe International Airport. The Airport lies at a distance of 10 km from the city center.
- By Train – There are two main stations in Mangalore – Mangalore Junction and Mangalore Central. Trains from almost all major cities either stop or terminate here. Mangalore is well connected to cities like New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Gandhinagar, Pune, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Vizag, Trivandrum and many more.
- By Road – Mangalore is well connected by roads and highways. One can board buses from Bengaluru, Goa, Chennai, Karwar, Pune and Mysore.
Mangaladevi Temple Accommodation
A large number of private hotels are available for accommodating pilgrims and tourists alike. The rooms may range from standard to AC suites in five-star hotels. A large number of Government offices also operate guest houses in the city which can be booked by contacting them. Mangalore is a coastal city and offers beautiful beaches. Hence, resorts are abundant here.
Where to eat
The city of Mangalore is bustling with restaurants offering a wide variety of cuisines like Konkani, Seafood, Mughlai, North Indian, South Indian, Chinese, Italian and Thai. Several popular food joints are Hotel Narayana for Seafood, Hotel Guthu for authentic local cuisine and Chutneys for North Indian Vegetarian and Giri Manjas for Seafood.
- Kadri Manjunath Temple – The Temple is about 4 km from the city center. The presiding deity of the Temple is Lord Manjunathaswamy, a form of Lord Shiva. The Temple is one of the most popular and sacred spots in Mangalore. The Temple dates back to 1068 AD. The idol of Lord Manjunathaswany is believed to be the oldest representation of Lord Shiva in South India.The hill behind the Temple is home to the Jogimutt and the Pandava caves.
- Shri Sharavu Mahaganapathi Temple – The Temple dedicated to Lord Ganapathi dates back to 800 years and can be visited in the heart of the city. The Temple has been mentioned in several Puranas like the Sthalapurana. Sri Dashabhuja Mahaganapati, Sri Sharabeshwara, and Siddhi Lakshmi are the presiding deities of the Temple.The Temple’s legends are also associated with the legendary Tipu Sultan and his conquest of Karnataka.
- Gokarnanatheshwara Temple – The Temple dedicated to Lord Gokarnanatheshwara, another form of Lord Shiva is situated at Kudroli, 5 km away from the city center. The Saint Sri Narayana Guru consecrated the Shiva Linga at the Temple in 1912. Several additions and renovations have been made recently. The Gopuram is 60 feet high and is decorated with beautiful divine sculptures depicting several Gods and Goddesses.
- Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple – The famous and sacred shrine dedicated to Sri Durga Parameshwari is situated in Kateel, 26 km from Mangalore. The Temple is located on the banks of the River Nandini. Several legends are associated with the Temple, which is mentioned in the Puranas themselves. Devotees can also perform sevas like Annadanam, Vidyarambha, and Yakshagana in the Temple.
- Kudupu Sri Anantha Padmanabha Temple – The Temple is located just 12 km away from the Mangalore city center. The presiding deities of the Temple are Lord Anantha (Lord Shiva) and Lord Padmanabha (Lord Vishnu). The Temple is well known for Serpent worship. The deity Sri Anantha Padmanabha faces west. The Temple complex also consists of a Naga Bana (place for serpent worship) and several smaller shrines dedicated to Jarandaya, Goddess Shree Devi, Lord Subrahmanya and Lord Ganapathi.