Jagannath Temple, Hauz Khas
Lord Jagannath, the God of the universe who symbolizes universal love is worshiped in the Jagannath Temple along with Balabhadra, Subhadra, Sudarshan, Madhaba, Sridevi and Bhudevi on the Ratnabedi or the bejewelled platform. The deities of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra and Chakra Sudarshan are made of margosa wood. The Jagannath temple at Hauz Khas is a centre of cultural conglomeration for Oriya community residing in Delhi.
Sree Neelachala Seva Sangh had established the temple in Hauz Khas in 1969 after procuring land from the Delhi Development Authority. The then Orissa Government had donated one lakh rupees for the temple. The mandir is centrally located in front of Thyagraj Nagar indoor stadium a kilometre away from INA Metro Station, adjacent to Safdarjung Bus Terminal and Lodi Colony Ring Railway station.
Jagannath Temple has been built according to the Odisha style of temple structure in the same design as of Shri Mandir in Puri. There is a Simhadwar at the front of the temple with 22 steps called “Baishi pahacha” that lead to Mukhashala. Chuturdha Deities (Shri Jagannath, Shri Balabhadra, Maa Subhadara and Shri Sudarshan) which are installed inside Garbhagriha of the Mandir. In the same floor of the Mandir, other Deities, namely, Lord Shiva, Navagraha, at the East, Lord Hanuman at South West, Maa Bimala at North West and Maa Laxmi at North East are installed inside Their respective temples are separately built around the main Mandir of Lord Jagannath. In front of Mukha shala, there is a pillar called “Aruna stambha” built in marble stone facing the Chaturdha Deities. It is a tradition that before entering the main temple each devotee should touch/embrace Aruna stambha.
The Deities of many other gods and goddesses like Shri Baraha, Shri Narasimha, and Shri Bamana etc. have been engraved outside the structure of the main temple.This temple also serves as a centre of cultural, religious and spiritual interests of Oriyas in Delhi. The Lord’s Yatra began first in 1979 after the temple was built. This Mandir is managed by a Society called Shri Jagannath Mandir and Odisha Arts & Cultural Centre, New Delhi (Regd.) under the Society of Registration Act, 1860 in the year 1968. Several charitable organizations are run by the society. The temple is mainly run by the donations of the devotees and other bhakts.
Jagannath Temple History
- Several legendary accounts found in the Skanda-Purana, Brahma Purana and other Puranas and later Oriya works suggest that LordJagannath was originally worshipped as Lord Neela Madhaba by a Savar king (tribal chief) named Viswavasu.
- Hearing about the deity, King Indradyumnasent a Brahmin priest, Vidyapati to look for the deity, who was worshipped secretly in a dense forest by Viswavasu. After many failed attempts, he managed to marry Viswavasu’s daughter Lalita.
- After many requests of Vidyapti, Viswavasu finally took his son-in-law blind folded to a cave where Lord Neela Madhaba was worshipped by him.
- Vidyapati intelligently dropped mustard seeds on the ground on the way. The seeds germinated after a few days, which enabled him to find out the cave later on.
- On hearing from him, KingIndradyumna proceeded immediately to Odra Desha (Odisha) on a pilgrimage to see and worship the Deity. But the deity had disappeared in the mean time. The king was extremely disappointed at this failure. The Deity was hidden in the sand.
- The king was determined not to return without having a darshan of the deity and observed fast unto death at Mount Neela, then a celestial voice cried ‘thou shalt see him.’ Afterwards, the king performed a horse sacrifice and built a magnificent temple for Vishnu.
- SriNarasimha Murti brought by Narada was installed in the temple. During sleep, the king had a vision of Lord Also, an astral voice directed him to receive the fragrant tree on the seashore and make idols out of it.
- Accordingly, the king got the image of LordJagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra and Chakra Sudarshan made out of the wood of the divine tree and installed them in the temple.
Significance of the Jagannath Temple
The Jagannath Temple at Hauz Khas was built by the working class Oriya community in replication to the Puri temple. Jagannath, the God of the Universe is believed to be the fulfiller of one’s wishes. It is said that his blessings can make or mar a man. The person who gets to see his idol in his lifetime is considered to be lucky or punyavan.
Jagannath Temple Timings
Summer Timings: The Pahad opens at 5:00 am in the morning everyday. The morning poojas and other rituals are carried out. After the Prasad Vitaran, the Pahad reopens at 12:30 pm and closes at 10:00 pm.
Winter Timings: The Pahad opens at 6:00 am in the morning everyday. The morning poojas and other rituals are carried out. After the Prasad Vitaran, the Pahad reopens at 1:00 pm and closes at 9:00 pm.
Dress Code at Jagannath Temple
It is advisable to wear decent pieces of apparel when entering the temple. Ladies should be in traditional attire of sari, lehenga choli or salwar kameez. Leather items are not allowed inside the sanctum. People should leave their footwear behind while entering the temple.
Festivals Celebrated at the Jagannath Temple
Almost all Hindu festivals and certain festivals specific to the Oriya community are celebrated at the temple. The most important festival, however, is the Rath Yatra.
Rath Yatra: Rath Yatra is a Hindu festival associated with the god Jagannath which is held at the Jagannath Temple every year. It is the replication of the festival which happens at the same time in Puri. This annual festival is celebrated on Ashadha Shukla Dwitiya (second day of the bright fortnight of Ashadha month) which coincides with the months of June-July. Rath Yatra translates into ‘The Chariot Journey’ in English. Over the period, the idols of Sri Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are placed in wooden chariots which are constructed over a period of time by skilled craftsmen and the chariots are carried across the streets which are strewn with flowers and grains by the devotees. They are carried for a couple of kilometers and they are brought back to their original place after the journey. It’s a visual treat to see thousands of devotees gathering on the streets and helping in sharing the burden of the chariots of the gods.
The other festivals celebrated at the Jagannath Temple are:
- Maha Vishuba Pana Sankranti / Hanuman Jayanti
- Shri Rama Navami
- Basantika Dushhara
- Ravinarayan Brata
- Chaitra Purnima
- Akshay Trutiya / Ratha Anukula
- Harishayana Ekadashi / Sunabesha
- Guru Purnima
- Shrikrishna Janmasthami
- Ganesh Chaturthi
- Navadinatmaka Puja Arambh
- Pithe Mahasthami Puja
- Pithe Maha Navami Puja
- Pithe Dushahera
- Makara Sankranti
- Saraswati Puja
Poojas and Rituals at Jagannath Temple
- Mangal Aarti
- Balya Bhog
- Mandir Rosoi Ghar Hawan
- Surya Pooja
- Dwarpal Hawan
- Garud Pooja
- Snana, Sringar and Sohala Upchar Pooja
- Gopal Ballabh, Aarti and Pushpanjalee
- Gita Paath
- Vishnu Sahashranam Paath
- Bada Bhog
- Pana Bhog
- Veda Paath
- Sri Bhagwat Paath
- Strotra Paath
- Sainkaleen Pooja
- Sandhaya Aarti
- Bhajan and Kirtan
- Shayan Aarti
- Bhada Bhog
- Geet Govinda Paath
How to Reach
- By Road: Hauz Khas is one of the busiest suburbs of Delhi NCR. It is well connected by a network of roads, metros, and rail. The temple is well connected by bus and the Delhi Metro services. Besides, one can also rent a car or auto-rickshaw from anywhere and reach here. Delhi Transport Department has added morebuses to its fleet. Several new and old buses are in service which will take you to the Jagannath Temple Terminuses such as Kashmere Gate, Sarai Kale Khan, and Anand Vihar are located nearby which leads to various important places in the city.
- By Rail: Many metro trains in New Delhi passes through Hauz Khas suburb. Whether one is coming from Noida, Gurgaon, India Gate, and the Airport or from the Delhi University area, they will find ample metro trains to reach the destination. Hauz Khas metro station is the nearest metro station to Jagannath Mandir, Delhi.
- By Air: Delhi is well connected with domestic and international flights, to all the major cities within and outside India. Almost all the major airlines have their flights operating from Indira Gandhi International Airport of New Delhi. Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport is connected to all the important cities of the world with almost all the major international airlines operating from here.
Where to stay
The temple comes under a non-governmental organization and is handled by a large association who are appointed as members of the temple. The members look after all the administration processes and ensure proper flow of all the work. In order to accommodate tourist who visit here from various locations across the country. A Huge amount of people come to worship at Puri Jagannath after travelling for days. After a long journey, they wish to find a place to lie down and relax. Therefore, accommodation facilities have been provided to handle many people nearby the temple. Every day, the temple is cleaned for hygiene maintenance and the costumes of all the deities are changed along with ornaments. Apart from fine architecture, the temple overlooks bustling surroundings. The temple owns a self-run Dharamshala with up-to-date facilities. Rooms are available only on prior booking. AC rooms and Non-AC rooms are available for accommodation. Inmates can even avail the Prasad Sevan facility which is provided at affordable rates. Hauj Khas has several other 3 star and 5-star hotels catering to the needs of the visiting devotees.
Where to eat
Annaprasad is distributed everyday with prior booking. The meals are available at affordable prices both in the daytime and the night. Devotees generally eat at the temple. On a daily basis about 300-400 devotees/visitors take Anna Prasad at the Prasad Hall of the temple. Many restaurants are also available in the proximity.
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