Badrinath Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. There are various believes related to the Temple. One story is about him and his consort Lakshmi and other relates to Adi Shankaracharya, who is believed to have made the temple and the third relates to Lord Shiva.
According to the first belief, Narad Muni once rebuked Lord Vishnu when he saw his consort, Goddess Lakshmi massaging his feet. Following this, Lord Vishnu decided to practice meditation on an isolated island. He then started meditating at this place. What he was unaware of is that Goddess Lakshmi protected him throughout his meditation. She took the form of a Badri tree (Indian date/Jujube) and protected him from the cold weather. Upon learning about this, Lord Vishnu was impressed by Goddess Lakshmi’s dedication. He named the place, ‘Badrika Ashram’.
Another story from the Vishnu Puranas narrates that Dharam had two sons, Nar and Narayana. They chose this place to spread their religion. That is when they came across this place. They came across the other four Badris out of the Paanch Badri. They were Bridha Badri, Yog Bhadri, Dhyan Badri and Bhavish Badri. Then they could finally find the hot and cold spring behind the Alaknanda River and named it ‘Badri Vishal’.
Another history of the temple dates back to Vedic Ages. According to the mention in the Vedic Puranas, Adi Shankaracharya established this place as a Pilgrimage site. It is said that this temple was a Buddhist site until the 8th century. After this time, Adi Shankaracharya converted this to a Hindu Temple. People say that Adi Shankaracharya discovered the Badrinath deity in the Alakananda River. He then established it in a cave near Taptkund. With the help of Kanak Pal, the Parmar ruler, he vacated the area from the Buddhists.
The last story of the Temple is related to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Lord Shiva wanted this place to meditate. However, even Lord Vishnu also wanted to sit here for meditation. Lord Vishnu then took the form of a baby boy and started crying, lying down on the rock. Parvati with her motherly instincts tried consoling him but he did not stop. When both Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati failed, they left to some other place to meditate. It is believed that Lord Shiva then went at meditated at Kedarnath.
Badrinath Temple is a part of the Char Dham and Chhota Char Dham Yatra. It is also one of the 108 Divya Desams of Lord Vishnu. The Temple is a part of the Panch Badri Temples, the others being the Yog Dhyan Badri, Bhavishya Badri, Adi Badri, and the Vriddha Badri.
The Badrinath temple is located at the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. This temple is situated along the banks of Alaknanda River. the temple stands at a height of 10,280 feet. The temple worships a black stone statue of Lord Vishnu. The deity is 3 feet tall. Devotees believe that the deity of Badrinath Temple is Swayambhu in nature.
The legendary River Saraswati originates from a glacier near Badrinath. The river joins The Alaknanda and then vanishes.