The Ekambareswarar Temple in the town of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu is one of the Pancha Bhoota Stalas. It is dedicated to the element of earth, or Prithvi. Lord Shiva is Ekambareswarar or Ekambaranathar here represented byPrithvi lingam. Moreover, Devi Parvati is depicted as Gowridevi Amman.
The other four temples in this category are Thiruvanaikaval Jambukeswara (water), Chidambaram Natarajar (ether), Thiruvannamalai Arunachaleswara (fire) and Kalahasti Nathar (wind). Further, all of the four famous Shaivite Saints have sung the glories of this temple.
- What is the history of Ekambareswarar Temple?
- What is the significance of Ekambareswarar Temple?
- What are the timings of Ekambareswarar Temple?
- Which festivals are celebrated at Ekambareswarar Temple?
- How to reach Ekambareswarar Temple?
- Where to stay near Ekambareswarar Temple?
- What are some temples near Ekambareswarar Temple?
What is the history of Ekambareswarar Temple?
History of Ekambeswarar temple says that Pallava Kings built a part of the temple. However, the rest of it was built in the 17 th century. This temple is one of the most ancient in India. Also, Second century AD Tamil poetry speaks of Kama kottam, and the Kumara kottam.
Initially, Pallavas built the temple. The Vedantist Kachiyapper served as a priest at the temple. Then, the Chola Kings rebuilt the entire structure. Also, Adi Sankara, the 10th-century saint remodelled kanchipuram along with expansion of this temple.
The Vijayanagar kings also made a lot of contributions to the temple. Vallal Pachiyappa Mudaliar used to go regularly from Chennai to Kanchipuram to worship in this temple. He also spent a lot of money on the temple’s renovation. The temple pillar contains an image of Pachiyappa Mudaliar seated at horseback.
According the devotees, there is a legend around the temple. Some say that once while Lord Shiva was meditating Parvati mischievously covered his eyes with her fingers. It resulted in complete darkness on earth for many years. As a result, Parvati went to earth and created the earth linga and worshiped it under a mango tree in Kanchipuram giving birth to the temple.
What is the significance of Ekambareswarar Temple?
The significance of the Ekambeswarar Temple is that it is the 1st of the 32 Tevara Stalam built in the Tondai region. It is the largest Shiva temple in Kanchipuram. A Somaskanda panel featuring Shiva, Parvati and Skanda together adorn the back end of the main shrine.
In 1509, Krishna Deva Raja of the Vijayanagara kingdom built a 60 meter high Gopuram.
The temple premise also has a 540 pillar hall, beautifully designed and carved. The Vijayanagara Monarch constructed the pillared hall.
A 3500 years old mango tree adores the sanctum having four branches each dedicated to the four Vedas. Moreover, the Deity derives its name from the Mango tree from the words Eka-Amra-Natha, meaning the Lord of the Mango tree. The path to the tree also has a Shiva Lingam made of around 1008 small lingas.
What are the timings of Ekambareswarar Temple?
The timings of Ekambeswarar temple are:
|Morning||6 AM||11 AM|
|Evening||5 PM||8 PM|
|Ushakkala Pooja||6 AM|
|Saayaraksha Pooja||6 PM|
Which festivals are celebrated at Ekambareswarar Temple?
Some of the festivals celebrated at Ekambeswarar temple are:
- The month of July observes the important festival Ani Tirumanjanam .
- Also, the month of August observes Adi Kritikai and Avani Moolam .
- The Chitra Purnima and Vaisakhi In the months of May and June marks the temples annual calender. The Panguni is a festival of 13 days. During this period, the wedding of the presiding deity takes place.
How to reach Ekambareswarar Temple?
- Air: Chennai is the nearest airport which is 75km away from Kanchipuram. Public and private transport facilities are available.
- Rail: Connected on the southern part of railways Kanchipuram has few trains running through the town.
- Road: The city is only a few kms away from the Quadrilateral National Highway.
Where to stay near Ekambareswarar Temple?
Some places to stay near Ekambeswarar temple are:
- Sri Hari Residency at 99, West Raja Street, Near Sri Kumara Kottam Temple offers grand cosy accomodations. It is an excellent place to stay.
- Also, M.Hotel, Kanchipuram of No. 65-66, Nellukara Street, Bus Stand is another great place to check in. It has well suited amenities and a blissful environment.
What are some temples near Ekambareswarar Temple?
Some of the temples near Ekambeswarar temple are:
- Kailasnatha Temple- This temple worships Lord Shiva, the supreme Hindu God. His temples are present in every part of the country. However, many of these temples are not there in Tamil Nadu.
- Kamakshi Amman Temple- This temple is for Goddess Kamakshi Amman. This huge temple spreads across 5 acres of land. The temple also houses a gallery, which presents the life history of Adisankaracharya.
- Kanchi Kudil represents the life of the people of the city with a view to attract tourists and let them feel the essence of life as lived here. Kudil means house. Moreover,the house is over 90 year old and its architecture resembles the olden style.
- Devarajaswami Temple- The temple is another place famous for its richness of exquisite sculptures. Vijayanagar Kings built this temple for lord Vishnu.