The Baidyanath temple at Deoghar is quite famous for its holiness. The Baba Baidyanath Dham is also known as Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple and is one of the 12 major jyotirlingas in India. This sacred abode of Shiva is located in Deoghar in the Santhal Parganas of Jharkhand, India.
History of Baba Baidyanath Dham
Myth and legend depicts an interesting story behind the building of the dham. During the Treta Yuga according to Shiva Purana, Ravana, the demon king wanted to have Lord Shiva’s abode in his capital permanently to make it safe from invasions. So he meditated every day to please the Lord. The Lord pleased asked him to carry his lingam to Lanka but with one condition that the journey from Mt.Kailash to Lanka should not be interrupted.
And if so happened then wherever the lingam fell there it shall reside forever. The Gods fearing that this would make Ravana invincible acted against this plan. So it was after many troubles and planning that Lord Vishnu tricked Ravana and brought the Lingam back to Earth where it sat permanently. So thus the 12 jyotirlingas story begun and each had one unique legend behind its consecration.
Significance of Baba Baidyanath Dham
‘Baidyanatham chithabhoomau’ is the ancient verse that identifies location of vaidyanth jyotirlinga. According to this Baidyantham is in ‘chidabhoomi’, which is the ancient name of Deoghar.
The main temple is beyond historical dates. Devotees visit it since the age of Rama, the king of Ayodhya. The top contains three ascending shaped gold vessels that are compactly set, which were donated by Maharaja of Gidhaur, Raja Puran Singh. Besides these pitcher shaped vessels, there is a ‘PUNCHSULA’ (Five knives in Tridenta shape), which is rare.
The light of Jyotirlingam is the light of cosmos which is realized by the power of soul as a whole.
The lingam is of a cylindrical form about 5 inches in diameter and projects about 4 inches from the center of a large slab of basalt. It is not possible to ascertain how much of the lingam is buried.
Devotees also believe that Shiva first turned himself into a Jyotirlinga on the night of the Aridra Nakshatra, thus the special reverence for the Jyotirlinga.
The jyotirlinga is the supreme partless reality, out of which Shiva partly appears. The jyothirlinga shrines thus are places where Shiva appeared as a fiery column of light.
There are 12 Jyotirlingas in India. 5 of the 12 Jyotirlingas are located in the state of Maharashtra.
Darshan Timings at Baba Baidyanath Dham
Generally the temple open at 4:00 a.m. the head priest performs the Shodashopachar and then devotees worship the lingam.
The puja ritual takes place till 3:30 p.m.
At 6:00 p.m. in the evening the temple opens again after the Lord’s afternoon rest. The Shringar puja takes place during this time.
At 9:00 p.m. the temple closes for the day.
Festivals at Baba Baidyanth Dham
During the month of Shrawan, lakhs of devotees throng the Baba Baidyanath temple. Most of them first visit Sultanganj, which is 105 km from Babadham. The Shrawan mela is very important and devotees celebrate it with much splendour and festivity. It continues thourghout the whole Shrawan month for 30 days.
How to reach Baba Baidyanath Dham
Air: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna, located around 272 km away is the nearest airport where regular flights to major cities like Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi and others.
Rail: Two railway stations namely Baidyanathdham (BDME) and Deoghar (DGHR) hellp in the visitors with regular trains that journey on a regular basis.
Road: this area is connected by road to cities like Kolkata, Patna and Ranchi. Regular buses travel from Deoghar to Bokaro, Dhanbad, Ranchi, Jamshedpur etc.
Hotels near Baba Baidyanath Dham
Hotel Mahadev Palace on B.L.C Road at Castairs Town is a relaxing place suited with great amenities that attract tourists.
Clarks Inn Amrapali which is 1.2 km from Baba Baidyanath Temple is another comfortable place to stay. It offers great multi cuisines that the guests savour. It provides the guests with much luxury and efficient services.
Places near Baba Baidyanath Temple
Trikuta Parvata, collectively famous as Trikutachal, is a combination of three main peaks on the hill, which are at the height of around 2,470 ft. The site is at a distance of around 10 km from Deoghar on the way to Dumka.
Naulakha Mandir is at a distance of around 2 km from Baba Baidyanath Temple. It has similar architecture of Ramakrishna Temple in Belur. The shrine encompasses beautiful idols of Radha and Krishna.
Satsang Ashram is a holy place where the followers of Sri Sri Thakur Anukulachandra gather to worship. The Ashram also has a zoo and a museum in its complex.